COMSOL Day: Renewable Energy
The renewable energy industry is constantly evolving thanks to the continuous development of new technologies and growing market demand.
The design of devices and systems for renewable energy production and storage presents complex challenges, involving resources and expertise in all engineering fields. In this scenario, multiphysics simulation represents a powerful tool for designers because it allows them to simultaneously analyze different physics aspects, evaluate performance before prototyping, and choose the most effective design solutions.
COMSOL Day: Renewable Energy will focus on the role of numerical simulation in designing devices and technologies for the green energy industry. Invited expert speakers will share their experiences, and COMSOL technical staff will host sessions to show you how to use modeling and simulation apps to design and optimize solar cells, wind blades, batteries, fuel cells, and more.
View the program below and register today!
The development and deployment of renewable and green energy sources is one of the most important challenges for a sustainable and climate-friendly future. Research and development are crucial to not only consolidate established technologies but also promote new solutions. In this context, the use of simulation is key.
Several physical aspects must be considered in the design of renewable energy utilization, such as the efficiency of solar cell manufacture and use, the mechanical and acoustic behavior of eolic equipment in extreme environments, and the charge and discharge properties of batteries. All of these applications invariably involve considering a multiphysics approach to adequately simulating them.
During this session, we will discuss the latest trends in modeling various aspects of renewable energy development and deployment. You will also learn how simulation experts are making their high-fidelity models available with easy-to-use applications for colleagues and customers.
The creation of renewable energy often requires the ability to store such power from the time when this creation is optimal (when the Sun is out or the wind blows), which is often done through power storage in batteries or the production of hydrogen in electrolyzers.
This session will present some of the functionality in COMSOL Multiphysics® for modeling devices for renewable electrical energy storage and utilization within the Battery Design and Fuel Cell & Electrolyzer modules. The presentation will also cover some of the upcoming news in COMSOL Multiphysics® version 6.0.
Noise and vibration analysis is part and parcel of the design of almost every dynamic mechanical system. During this session, you will receive an overview of the physics and solver capabilities available in the COMSOL® software for solving acoustic–structure interaction problems that lead to this phenomenon. You will also obtain insight into some of the upcoming news in COMSOL Multiphysics® version 6.0 related to vibroacoustics analysis.
The renewable and green energy market is growing, with large investments being made by both industry and government alike to help decarbonize our economies in a bid to tackle climate change. This panel session brings together specialists from a range of fields including wind, solar, hydro, and geothermal engineering to discuss the novel multiphysics technologies being developed to advance them as well as explore the potential use for simulation to increase their scope and impact.
In the race to a greener future, we need to optimize the efficiency of every link of the chain of production, distribution, and use of energy. In this session, we will explore the functionalities of COMSOL Multiphysics® for modeling conduction, convection, and radiation in applications like investigating the thermal performance of an electric motor and computing the thermal efficiency in ventilated façades. Multiphysics capabilities come into play, allowing us to easily and efficiently integrate temperature changes in our product development that influence a variety of other processes, like the chemical performance of batteries and failures in electronics due to thermal expansion and moisture absorption.
In this session, we will demonstrate the structural mechanics modeling of systems and components from such built specifically for renewable energy, with a primary focus on wind and solar energy systems.
Various kinds of structural mechanics features and analysis methods available in the COMSOL® software can be used to model renewable energy systems, e.g., structural dynamics, multibody dynamics, rotordynamics, fluid-structure interaction, modeling of composite materials, etc. These will all be presented and discussed.
We will showcase several examples in the field of renewable energy, e.g., composite materials modeling of a wind turbine blade, stresses and deformation in a solar panel, fluid-structure interaction analysis in a wind turbine, noise and vibration analysis of a gearbox, modeling of different types of bearings, etc. A live demo of COMSOL Multiphysics® will be included and the session will end with a Q&A session.
Learn the fundamental workflow of COMSOL Multiphysics®. This introductory demonstration will show you all of the key modeling steps, including geometry creation, setting up physics, meshing, solving, and postprocessing.
Edmund Dickinson, National Physical Laboratory
Electrochemical energy storage devices, such as Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors, are central to global strategy for making renewable energy portable. Practical power and energy demands for energy storage devices in use — Li-ion batteries for electric vehicles, for instance — have prompted rapid exploration of new materials to optimize existing designs and investigate next-generation technologies. Performance of energy storage materials can be investigated alongside other chemical characteristics through complementary measurements (for instance, charge-discharge cycling, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, etc.). In order to reliably and effectively interpret the resulting characterization data, we must establish a critical approach to the measurement science of these techniques.
In this talk, Edmund Dickinson (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK), will explain how the quality of measurements on energy storage materials can be optimized through a simulation-led strategy. In this methodology, 2D and 3D simulations of electrochemical processes in the cell geometry are implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Interpretation of the simulation results allows deeper understanding of optimal cell design, considering tradeoffs between cell capability for measurements at industrially relevant power density and the constraints of specific measurement techniques. The results provide clear direction to experiments establishing improved measurement protocols, which can then be disseminated to investigators in industry and academia.
Giuseppe Petrone, BE CAE & Test
For several years, “green economy” and “sustainable development” have been keywords in our political programs, industrial projects, and social lives. Challenges and opportunities related to the green economy are not questionable. Eco-friendly improvements in compliance with the environment are essential to respect the planet's health and preserve human life.
Some negative aspects related to green-labelled technologies are sometimes not clearly declared and should be considered also. One of the most evident examples is battery disposal due to battery use for electrical vehicles. Other matters are less evident and their effects are complex to assess. To this aim, numerical modeling represents a powerful tool to investigate the topic.
During this talk, one of the hidden critical aspects concerning green-labelled technologies will be discussed. Some COMSOL® applications concerning thermal and CFD simulations will be shown. In particular, transient and parametric analysis devoted to analyzing the island of heat due to high-extended PV solar plants will be presented.
Solar radiation is an important renewable energy source that can generate electricity via photovoltaic (PV) cells or concentrated solar power (CSP) systems. Sunlight can also be redirected into buildings to provide an energy-efficient, natural indoor light source.
In this session, we will discuss the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® to model the reflection, focusing, scattering, and obstruction of sunlight. In the COMSOL® software, sunlight propagation can either be modeled using a ray optics approach, where individual light rays may be tracked as they reflect and refract at surfaces, or it may be formulated as a heat transfer model where the view factors between different surfaces are used to compute the radiosity and temperature. In this session, we will explain the implicit assumptions in both approaches and provide some examples of each.
Fluid–structure interaction (FSI) refers to engineering phenomena where a fluid’s flow leads to a solid object’s deformation, while that object’s deformed shape affects the pressure and direction of the fluid flow.
In this presentation, we will explore the different classifications of FSI analyses and discuss which tools within COMSOL Multiphysics® can be used to solve each case. We will also present a number of examples ranging from flow-induced vibrations to robotic swimmers.
COMSOL Multiphysics® version 6.0 is coming soon! This session will touch upon the highlights of the new release:
- Model Manager: Major new functionality that allows colleagues to collaborate and centrally organize models and apps, including access and version control as well as advanced search
- Uncertainty Quantification Module: A new product that includes tools for uncertainty quantification, including design of experiments
- Increased efficiency in solving surface-to-surface radiation
- Flow-induced noise
- Improved large eddy simulation (LES) with automatic wall treatment and thermal wall functions
- Control of the thickness of the boundary layer mesh for CFD and node trimming
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