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Modeling Helps Improve Safety in the Production of Teflon

Martin Beckmann-Kluge & Fabio Ferrero

BAM German Federal Institute for Materials Research & Testing, Berlin, Germany

BAM German Federal Institute for Materials Research & Testing in Berlin promotes industrial development by providing research and consultation on materials technology and chemical engineering. Their recent work has been in analyzing the process by which highly flammable TFE gas is converted into a solid called PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene), or the non-stick coating commonly known as Teflon. ...

Innovative Packaging Design for Electronics in Extreme Environments

Brice McPherson

Power electronics appear in many everyday products, including smartphones, electronic car parts, and household objects. Such devices require controlled temperature ranges, switching frequencies, and voltage levels to operate smoothly and reliably. For harsh environments, such as the depths below the earth’s surface where oil is drilled, there is an increasing need to develop electronic systems ...


O. Craciun, and colleagues
Ladenburgh, Germany

When a tree branch touches overhead cables and causes a momentary short circuit, your lights may flicker. A device called a recloser ensures that power to your home is not cut off for a longer period. ABB AG, a leading manufacturer in power technology, is working towards designing a more reliable recloser. One objective in this design process was to optimize the size of the permanent magnet ...

Pushing the Limits of Chip Density

Derek Bassett and Michael Carcasi
Tokyo Electron America
Austin, TX

Chip manufacturers have been adhering to Moore’s law, a law stating that the number of transistors that can be economically placed on an integrated circuit doubles every year, since 1965. As the number of transistors increases, however, the process of manufacturing integrated circuit, called photolithography, becomes more difficult. Each device requires approximately 200 cleaning and ...

A 100-Fold Improvement in Lithography Resolution Realized with a 150-Year-Old “Perfect Imaging” System

Juan Carlos Miñano and Dejan Grabovičkić
Cedint Polytechnic University of Madrid

The idea of "perfect imaging", that is a resolution less than the wavelength of light producing the image, was first proposed in the mid-19th century by famed Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell. For the next 150 years, it was widely believed that such was impossible due to the fact that light diffracts around points that are the same size or smaller in wavelength. Then, in 2009, Ulf ...

Control of Joule Heating Extends Performance and Device Life

Jean-Louis Gelet and Antoine Gerlaud
Mersen, France

Large electrical systems carrying high currents could pose a danger if any of their components, such as fuses and bus bars, fail. In order to increase safety and improve manufacturing, it is necessary to understand the failure mechanisms of those components. One of those components, a bus bar, is made up of a single piece of conducting metal that replaces individual, thick cables when conducting ...

Keeping LEDs Cool Gets More Manageable Through Simulation

Aulis Tuominen and Mika Maaspuro
University of Turku
Turku, Finland

Toni Lopez
Philips Research
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Sami Yllikäinen
Hella Lighting Finland Oy
Salo, Finland

Raimo Laitinen
Helvar Oy Ab
Karkkila, Finland

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer many benefits over incandescent lighting, such as long life spans and high luminous efficiency, and they are environmentally friendly. One of the drawbacks, however, is that LEDs need to operate at the lowest possible temperatures and this must be carefully regulated. Researchers at Business and Innovation Development Technology at the University of Turku in ...

Dielectric Stress Simulation Advances Design of ABB Smart Grid-Ready Tap Changers

Tommi Paananen, David Geibel, Bill Teising, Mårten Almkvist, Jon Brasher, Josh Elder, Bob Elick and Chris Whitten
ABB Alamo

Consumers of power rely on fairly stable voltages. Transformers contain tap changers which vary the ratio of secondary to primary turns by switching the point at which either the input or output circuits are connected. Changing this ratio enables stepped voltage regulation of the output. As the world moves toward the modernized smart grid, the tap changer’s design must be altered to make it ...

Multiphysics Software, a Versatile, Cost-Effective R&D Tool at Sharp

Chris Brown
Sharp Laboratories of Europe, UK

There are several kinds of technology that designers at Sharp Laboratories of Europe work to create. From LED lighting, displays, and microfluidic lab-on-a-chip technology, to complex energy systems used in various devices, Sharp needed a new approach to finding the best designs. COMSOL Multiphysics and its add-on products provided the versatility to augment Sharp's research and development in ...

Picking the Pattern for a Stealth Antenna

F. De Vita, S. Di Marco, F. Costa and P. Turchi
Altran, Italy

Stealth airplanes and ships avoid radar detection by optimizing the shape of surfaces to reflect away from the radar source or absorb its energy. Yet, if a ship or aircraft’s antenna for communication purposes is to operate properly, it cannot be completely covered up. This makes it one of the remaining components with a large radar cross section and can essentially destroy the overall system’s ...