Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
P. N. Ciesielski , D. Robichaud , B. Donohoe , M. Nimlos ,
 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
 National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...
D. Fabris , B. Henriques , J. C. M. Souza , J. Guimarães , M. Fredel 
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brazil; and CMEMS-Uminho, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
Dental restorations can be made by different materials bonded together, which grant good mechanical resistance and aesthetic at the same time. In order to evaluate the behavior of dental restorations in the oral environment, a test, called thermocycler, is used, which simulates the temperature changes and the chemical environment of the mouth. The objective of this work is to evaluate thermal ...
Q. Zheng ,
 Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Landfill is currently the most dominating method to dispose wastes, which are caused by the lives of residents and constructions of cities and towns. Because of large amounts of organic substances in landfills, they will undergo continuous microbial degradation, which generates a lot of landfill gas. The gas consists mainly of CH4, CO2, O2 and N2, and it is also a promising source of renewable ...
Simulation of Pearl-Chain Formation of Microparticles by Acoustic Standing Waves, including Inter-Particle Forces and Collisions
T. Baasch , J. Dual ,
 ETH Zurich, Insitute for Mechanical Systems, Zurich, Switzerland
Acoustic standing waves can be used to manipulate micrometer sized particles, cells and organisms. In most applications these objects are driven towards pressure nodal lines, predominantly by the primary acoustic radiation force. Interestingly, at intermediate particle concentrations, detailed phenomena of line-formation and inter-line repulsion occur. Such phenomena are believed to be caused by ...
B. A. Marmo , M. P. Snaith ,
 Xi Engineering Consultants, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
An electrostatic headphone includes many interrelated design elements that affect the frequency response of the headphone and the users listening experience. Xi Engineering Consultants (XI) partnered with Warwick Audio Technologies (WAT) to investigate the complex behavior of one-side electrostatic speakers. Xi developed a GUI that helped WAT engineers optimize their speaker using virtual tools ...
A. Eder , D. Hofinger , G. Ritzberger 
Fronius International GmbH, Research & Development, Wels-Thalheim, Austria
The paper on EMC Simulation Analysis of Enclosures demonstrates a simulation method to analyze the shielding effectiveness of enclosures. From the early development stage on it is possible to analyze the effect of electromagnetic waves on shielding panels. Different types of openings have been virtually measured in a test chamber. Therefore the full Maxwell equations have been solved in the ...
Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
F. Sun , A. Tatomir , F. Maier , M. Sauter 
 University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
 Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...
M. Awida ,
 Fermi National Particle Accelerator Laboratory, Warrenville, IL, USA
Particle accelerator technology evolves gradually towards improving reliability and efficiency of the accelerator machines, which would reduce their cost for current applications and even make them more accessible to new industrial applications. RF cavities are utilized in particle accelerator machines to propel the particle beam by properly coupling the energy from RF sources to the particle ...
M. Vutukuru , J. Christopher , B. Goldberg [1,2], D. Bishop [1,2,3], A. Swan [1,2,3]
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
 Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
 Division of Material Science Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms, has demonstrated extremely high electric and thermal conductivities, tensile strength, and is therefore an exciting novel building block in the world of 2D flexible electronics. We propose the integration of graphene with MEMS devices to investigate the strain dependence on graphene material properties, such as electrical and thermal conductivity, index ...
Relativistic Quantum Mechanics Applications Using the Time Independent Dirac Equation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
A. J. Kalinowski ,
 Consultant, East Lyme, CT, USA
The paper illustrates the use of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software (via the “Coefficient-Form PDE” option) for obtaining the relativistic quantum mechanics wave function ψm(x,y,ω), m=1,4 as a solution to the time independent Dirac equations. Once having ψm(x,y,ω), it can be used to compute the probability density ρ′=Σ|ψm|^2 of a particle being at a specific point within the spatial field under ...