In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Benefits of COMSOL Multiphysics® Version 4

Ed Fontes
Chief Technology Officer, COMSOL

Ed Fontes is CTO at COMSOL with specific interest in the transport-reaction products. He has 14 years experience of modeling transport phenomena in industry and 6 years of supervising research projects in Academia. Ed Fontes received his PhD in Electrochemical Engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) in 1995.

Chemical Reactions in a Microfluidic T-Sensor: Numerical Comparison of 2D and 3D Models

R. Winz[1][2], N. Schröder[1], W. Wiechert[1], and E. von Lieres[1]
[1]Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
[2]Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany

In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...

Optimization of Dynamic Embedded, Water Based Surface Heat (and Cold) Emitting System for Buildings

S. Thomas[1], P.Y. Franck[1], and P. André[1]
[1]Department of Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Liège, Arlon, Belgium

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity emitting device for building heating and cooling. The second part illustrates the numerical model developed to evaluate the device efficiency. Finally experimental test bench implementation and ...

Including Expert Knowledge in Finite Element Models by Means of Fuzzy Based Parameter Estimation

O. Krol[1], N. Weiss[1], F. Sawo[1], and T. Bernard[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this paper we present a novel approach for modeling spatial distributed bio- chemical and environmental processes like the growth of plants and the related biochemical reactions. The physical phenomena like flow and mass transport can be described by fluid dynamics equations, but for effects like growth rates often no analytic models are available. However, in many cases experts have ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

An Extension of Lauwerier’s Solution for Heat Flow in Saturated Porous Media

S. Saeid[1] and F.B.J. Barends[2]
[1]Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...

Control of Rolling Direction for Released Strained Wrinkled Nanomembrane

P. Cendula[1], S. Kiravittaya[1], J. Gabel[1], and O.G. Schmidt[1]

[1]Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany

Strained wrinkled and flat nanomembranes have different bending properties when they are released from the underlying substrate. This is caused by increased bending rigidity of the wrinkled film in one direction. We provide theoretical and numerical analysis of the directional rolling of wrinkled films, which is important for positioning rolled-up tubes on the short mesa edge during fabrication.

A Fully Coupled Three-Dimensional Dynamic Model of Polymeric Membranes for Fuel Cells

P. Alotto[1], M. Guarnieri[1], and F. Moro[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of ...

Fluid Flow Simulation of Preconcentration Membranes Using Finite Elements Tools

R. Inglés[1], J. Pallares[2], J.L. Ramirez[1], and E. Llobet[1]

[1]Dept. of Electronic, Electrical and Automatic Control Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering School of Chemical
Engineering Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain

We use finite elements simulations in order to study the fluid flow behavior in a chamber of a preconcentrator. We realized that most part of the fluid does not affect our preconcentrator because it is going out the chamber at high distance above it and parallel to the preconcentrator. So, we are wasting most part of our fluid and we need a lot of time to have a good concentrator factor. We ...

Modeling Contaminant Diffusion in Highly Complex Rock Structures

N. Diaz[1], A. Jakob[1], L. Van Loon[1], and D. Grolimund[2]
[1]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/LES, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
[2]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/SLS, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Opalinus clay is currently being proposed as a potential host rock for radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation. It is then important for performance assessments to understand the transport properties of such rocks. Clay materials are characterized by low hydraulic conductivities and diffusion is assumed to be the main transport mechanism. The studied rock is a complex assembly ...