K. K. Sriperumbudur, P. J. Koester, M. Stubbe, C. Tautorat, J. Held, W. Baumann, and J. Gimsa
 University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
 Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany
In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...
G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...
O. Meneghini, and S. Shiraiwa
Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
Fusion is a form of nuclear energy which has impressive advantages from the point of view of fuel reserves, environmental impact and safety. If successful, fusion energy would ensure a safe, resource conserving, environmentally friendly power supply for future generations. In a world wide cooperation to achieve this goal, seven parties including Europe, Japan, Russia, USA, China, South-Korea and ...
M. Blaziková, J. Malínský, D. Stanek, and P. Herman
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic
Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) are essential supramolecular complexes involved in pre-mRNA splicing, the process of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. The particles undergo complex assembly steps inside the cell nucleus in a highly dynamic compartment called the Cajal body. We have previously shown that the free diffusion model does not fully describe the snRNP motion ...
Computational Analysis of the Mechanical and Thermal Stresses in a Thin Film PProDOT-Based Redox Capacitor
J. Sotero-Esteva, M. Rosario-Canales, P. Gopu, and J. Santiago-Avilés
Department of Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Among the several types of capacitors, the double-layer and redox types have gathered increasing attention to address some of the heavy power demands of modern technology. In redox capacitors, charge is stored chemically via oxidation/reduction processes in the active materials like electroactive polymers (EAPs) or metal oxides. This work investigates the stresses and heat flux of the electrode ...
China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, China
With this presentation, some content has been discussed from several parts as follows: 1. Plasma switches are introduced by their derivation and types, and the operating mechanism of Hydrogen cross field plasma switch is indicated then. 2. The related theories of Hydrogen plasma to simulate a DC discharge have been discussed. 3. Hydrogen simulation model is established from two aspects: A: Fixed ...
S. Agarwal, S.P. Ruhela, V. Mente, M.G. Hemanath, B. Murlidhran, V.S. Kumar, C.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, B.K. Sharma, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Pyrochemical process based on molten salt electrorefining is ideally suited for reprocessing spent metallic fuels from Fast Breeder Reactors. In this work, a heat transfer analysis of the Electrorefiner cell was conducted to develop a basic tool for designing of the engineering–scale Electrorefiner. The focus of this work is to find out steady state temperature profiles of cover gas and molten ...
M. Gulliksson, and S. Edvardsson
Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Given any equation L(u)=0, e.g. a partial differential equation, it can be considered to be the stationary solution of a time dependent equation (in fact, time need only to be fictitious time not real time). Our approach is to choose the time dependence in analogy with an oscillating particle system including damping in order to damp out the time derivatives and attain a stationary solution ...
B. Lepers, and C. Bobeth
IPHC, CNRS, Strasbourg, France
The feasibility of water cooling is investigated for a solid target which is integrated as the inner conductor in a magnetic horn for secondary particle focusing (pi; K) as used in conventional neutrino beam accelerator experiment. A simple axi-symmetric thermal model calculated in COMSOL is used to obtain the temperature distribution inside the target for different values of h; power beam and ...