A. Arevalo , J. P. Rojas , D. Conchouso , M. M. Hussain , I. G. Foulds 
 Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
 The University of British Columbia, School of Engineering, Okanagan Campus, Canada
Energy efficiency and harvest, speed and performance, flexibility and portability are key elements for innovation in the current consumer electronics markets. Thermoelectric Generators can convert energy from heat gradients into electricity. Every source of heat from an electronics device can potentially be used as a source of energy. This generators have the advantage of: being silent, compact, ...
R. Berthelon , D. Dutartre , F. Andrieu 
 STMicroelectronics, France
 CEA Leti, France
The integration of high level of stress in field effect transistors is performed through incorporation of intrinsically strained SiGe layers. With the help of COMSOL simulations, we performed two studies addressing the level of stress in the area of interest. In the first case, we analyzed the geometric effects of the SiGe film stress relaxation on the edges. In a second time, we studied the ...
M. Maitra , H. B. Nemade , S. Kundu ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
The objective of this paper is to show the simulation of a piezoelectric thin film device and its application as a sensor. Piezoelectric aluminum nitride thin film clamped at two ends is simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics software. The device consists of the piezoelectric thin film suspended on a cavity etched on a silicon substrate. Two metal electrodes are placed at the two fixed sides of the ...
V. S. Nagaraja, N. Suma, and S. L. Pinjare
Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology
The tunable capacitor (variable capacitor) is one of the most important and components in filters, Phase shifters, VCO etc. A tunable capacitor can also be built using electro – thermal actuating mechanism. Compared to electro static, tunable capacitors actuated by thermal actuators have several advantages like lower driving voltages. The performance of thermal actuator becomes a key factor ...
P. D. Hanasi, B. G. Sheeparamatti, B. B. Kirankumar
Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
Micro cantilevers are the basic MEMS structures, which can be used both as sensors and actuators. The . The objective of this work is to study concept of pull-in voltage and how to reduce the same. Voltage is applied to upper cantilever beam and lower contact electrode is made as ground. By increasing common area between cantilever beam and contact electrode, and also by reducing thickness of ...
The Origin of Mass-change Sensitivity within Multi-layered, Non-uniform, Piezoelectrically-actuated Millimeter-sized Cantilever (PEMC) Biosensors: Vibrational Analysis through Experiment and Finite Element Modeling (FEM)
B.N. Johnson, and R. Mutharasan
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
A 3D finite element model (FEM) of the PEMC sensor was developed to characterize the modes of vibration that have demonstrated high sensitivity to mass-change in experimentally fabricated sensors. The fundamental bending mode of vibration and the 1st bending harmonic are predicted at 10.0 kHz and 86.8 kHz, respectively, within approximately 5 % of the experimentally measured resonances. The ...
Robust and Reliability-based Design Optimization of Electromagnetic Actuators Using Heterogeneous Modeling with COMSOL Multiphysics and Dynamic Network Models
H. Neubert, A. Kamusella, and T-Q. Pham
Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
OptiY e. K. Aschaffenburg, Germany
For an exemplary electromagnetic actuator used to drive a Braille printer, a design optimization was performed. The optimization involves stochastic variables and comprises nominal optimization, robustness analysis and robust design optimization. A heterogeneous model simulates the static and the dynamic behavior of the actuator and its non-linear load. It consists of a network model in ...
H. T. D. Grigg, and B. J. Gallacher
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, UK
This paper presents ongoing research aimed at development of a MEMS magnetometer capable of nanoTesla sensitivity. Such a device would pave the way for inertial-grade MEMS IMUs. A resonant sensor is proposed, based on a Xylophone Bar sense element, and is analysed both directly and via COMSOL. Mode shapes and frequencies are found as functions of geometric parameters, and the results used ...
Optical and Electronic Materials Unit
National Institute for Materials Science
A single-crystal diamond NEMS switch was fabricated while batch production of SCD MEMS/NEMS structures were developed. The diamond NEMS switches exhibit high performance with respect to high controllability, high reproducibility, and good reliability. Modeling and simulations were made that were consistent with experiments.
Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process
T. Soares, H. Mozaffari, H. Reinecke
Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany
The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...