Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry
R. E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...
M. Dickinson[1,2], N. Renevier , J. Calderbank[2,3]
The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
Racing to Research Team, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
Internal combustion engine components have been a main research interest over many decades. The structural mechanics and dynamics of the piston rings has been a large focus of work in order to gain a greater understanding of the how the piston ring dynamics affect the piston ring. Piston rings are often coated to reduce the level of wear on the ring as they will suffer substantial levels of ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires
F. Ferrero, M. Beckmann-Kluge, and K. Holtappels
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany
In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...
R. F. Coker, J. Knox
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...
Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach - new
A. Andreini, B. Facchini, A. Innocenti, D. Pampaloni
University of Florence, Florence, Italy
The paper presents a methodology to account for local mean-flow effects on thermo-acoustic instabilities to improve typical calculations performed under the zero-Mach number assumption. A 3D FEM model of a simplified combustor is solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® Pressure Acoustics interface. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustor and the classical k-τ model for the Flame Transfer ...
F. Tondini, P. Bosetti, and S. Bruschi
DIMS, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
The hot stamping of boron steels for producing complex structural components of the car body-in-white is more and more widespread. Optimization of sheet forming technologies at elevated temperatures is still troublesome, since the thermal, mechanical and metallurgical phenomena interacting during hot stamping force to feed the numerical model of the process by a huge amount of data, most of ...
S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
DIENCA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A numerical investigation of the long-term performance of double U-tube borehole heat exchanger (BHE) fields, in the case of non-negligible effects of groundwater movement, is performed by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Two time periodic heat loads, with a period of one year, are studied: Q1, with a partial compensation between winter heating (principal load) and summer cooling; Q2, with no ...
B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing ...
S. Lazzari, E. Zanchini
DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
The production of polymer fibers is done by drawing raw material (preform) in a vertical cylindrical furnace whose heated walls radiantly heat the preform. The wall temperatures are very high and the dominant heat transfer to the fiber is by radiation with little effect from the convective flow of gas in the furnace. In contrast, for polymer fibers the convection contribution is large, and ...