H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri, A.A. Hamouda
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...
S. Pemberton, K. Ekici, R. Arimilli
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
Micromechanical Design of Novel Thermal Composites for Temperature Dependent Thermal Conductivity - new
R. C. Thiagarajan,
ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Materials with an order variable in thermal conductivity as a function of temperature are desirable for thermoelectric heat energy recovery, building thermal insulation and solar thermal applications. Thermal Conductivity is an inherent material property. Engineering the fundamental thermal conductivity needs manipulation at thermal photon level for conventional materials. Engineering thermal ...
J. Acuna, M. Fossa, P. Monzó
KTH Energy Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Dime, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
Ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHP) are successfully installed since at about 20 years in many countries to fulfill space conditioning requirements in building applications. In most cases the heat pump is connected to a system of vertical ground heat exchangers (as illustrated in Figure 1) where a fluid is circulated inside a system of pipes inserted in a deep borehole drilled in the soil. Drilling ...
A. Martín Ortega , Y. Dabin , T. Minea , A. Lacoste 
 ESRF, Grenoble, France
 LPGP, Université Paris-Sud XI, Orsay, France
 LPSC, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
The high power of X-ray beam delivered by synchrotrons and free electron lasers, up to 240 W/mm2, requires heat load management solutions to obtain the best performance from the optical elements which will shape the beam for its use in the experimental stations . One solution is the use of gas attenuators: a tube filled with an inert gas, usually Argon or Krypton, is placed between X-ray ...
Bruno Chinè , Valerio Mussi , Michele Monno , Andrea Rossi ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
 Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...
Finite Element Modeling of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer of a Single Maize Kernel Based on Water Potential Using COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation
A.J. Kovács, E. Lakatos, G. Milics, and M. Neményi
University of West Hungary, Institute of Biosystems Engineering, Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary
Finite element modeling of agricultural materials is very often used for describing physical processes. However, exact physical measurements are needed as input parameters for the models. Knowing the driving forces (potentials) during heat and mass transfers is necessary for an accurate model. Water potential gradients as the driving force are used in contrast with the conventional practice ...
Improvement of a Steady State Method of Thermal Interface Material Characterization by Use of a Three Dimensional FEA Simulation in COMSOL
B. Sponagle, D. Groulx
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
An FEA model of a steady state thermal interface material characterization apparatus was created in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This model was then fitted using three convection heat loss coefficients and the conductance of the TIM layer to a set of experimental measurements made using a steady state apparatus. It was shown that the model successfully matched the measured temperature values and ...
S. Carcangiu, B. Cannas, G. Concu, N. Trulli
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Architecture and Planning, University of Sassari, Alghero, Italy
An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters related to heat transfer process through the building material. The Infrared Thermography Technique (IRT) has been applied. Experimental measurements have been carried out on a concrete structure with an inside ...