Transport, Growth, Decay and Sorption of Microorganisms and Nutrients through Porous Media: A Simulation with COMSOL
D. Lopez-Falcon, M. Diaz-Viera, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico
Transport of microorganisms through porous media governs many phenomena in bioremediation of environmental pollution problems and microbial enhanced oil recovery. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of some transport parameters on breakthrough curves as well as on spatial distribution of components transported through a porous medium by a fluid phase. Using COMSOL Multiphysics and ...
X. Gong, R. Wan
University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
THM (Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the reservoir during SAGD (Steam-Assistant-Gravity-Drainage) was studied through a proper constitutive modeling of the porous media. Specifically, a generalized density-stress-fabric dependent elasto-plastic model with stress-dilatancy and plastic damage as main ingredients was implemented into COMSOL Multiphysics®, to model geomechanical behavior during ...
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...
S.C. Seetharam, D. Jacques
Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...
Y. T. Habtemichael, R. T. Kiflemariam, H. R. Fuentes
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of this ...
I. I. Bogdanov, K. El Ganaoui, and A. M. Kamp
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), Pau, France
Multiphysics flexibility and computational performance of COMSOL gave us the idea to model SAGD (steam assisted gravity drainage), one of the popular thermal methods of oil recovery. The modeling is far from straightforward and requires solving a system of non-linear PDEs for thermal multiphase flow under conditions of thermodynamic (phase) equilibrium. This paper presents the main results of our ...
Fracture-Matrix Flow Partitioning and Cross Flow: Numerical Modeling of Laboratory Fractured Core Flood
R. Sanaee, G.F. Oluyemi, M. Hossain, B.M. Oyeneyin
Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
The contrast between hydro-mechanical behavior of the rock matrix and fracture network systems results in flow partitioning between fracture and matrix systems which is affected by the In-situ stress regime. Fracture flow, Darcy law and free and porous media flow physics interfaces of COMSOL were used in simulating a fractured core flooding test to achieve a better understanding of flow ...
The Simulation of Pore Scale Fluid Flow with Real World Geometries Obtained from X-Ray Computed Tomography
W. Fourie1, R. Said2, P. Young3, and D. L. Barnes1
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Water
and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA
2Simpleware, Ltd. Exeter, UK
3Computer Science and Mathematics, School of Engineering, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
With the recent improvement of X-ray Computed Tomography and robust modeling tools, it is now possible to show that pore scale fluid flow modeled by the Navier-Stokes equation can be used to derive macro parameters of Darcy’s Law, such as the hydraulic conductivity. The model allows calculation of isotropy, tortuosity and dispersivity of the soil in all directions. These parameters, which are ...
Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems
P. Oberdorfer, R. Hu, M. Azizur Rahman, E. Holzbecher, M. Sauter, P. Pärisch
Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed in ...
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
We examine the poroelastics mode, which couples hydraulics and mechanics by some basic benchmarks. For cases with analytical solutions we check the accuracy for changing meshes and calculate the convergence rate.