E. Dagher, G. Su, T. S. Nguyen
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
COMSOL® software was used to simulate the conductive heat transfer with phase change in the geological formations encompassed in permafrost surrounding a shallow thaw lake. The purpose of the simulation was to verify the adequacy of COMSOL to model such phenomena by comparing the COMSOL results to those obtained by another FEM model (Ling and Zhang, 2003). The graphical comparison of the ...
J. Acuna, M. Fossa, P. Monzó
KTH Energy Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Dime, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
Ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHP) are successfully installed since at about 20 years in many countries to fulfill space conditioning requirements in building applications. In most cases the heat pump is connected to a system of vertical ground heat exchangers (as illustrated in Figure 1) where a fluid is circulated inside a system of pipes inserted in a deep borehole drilled in the soil. Drilling ...
Modeling of Ultrasonic Transducers and Ultrasonic Wave Propagation for Commercial Applications Using Finite Elements with Experimental Visualization of Waves for Validation - new
D. R. Andrews
Cambridge Ultrasonics, Over, UK
Finite element (FE) modelling of ultrasonic propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations can be used to create images of waves. Unfortunately, in time-stepping solutions, it is possible for numerical instabilities to grow large and dominate the solution adversely. Any design of transducer that is based upon poorly-configured FE models is unlikely to perform as expected and will almost ...
Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods - new
T. K. Chou, M. Chouteau, J. S. Dubé
École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada
The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...
I. I. Bogdanov, K. El Ganaoui, and A. M. Kamp
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), Pau, France
Multiphysics flexibility and computational performance of COMSOL gave us the idea to model SAGD (steam assisted gravity drainage), one of the popular thermal methods of oil recovery. The modeling is far from straightforward and requires solving a system of non-linear PDEs for thermal multiphase flow under conditions of thermodynamic (phase) equilibrium. This paper presents the main results of our ...
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
We examine the poroelastics mode, which couples hydraulics and mechanics by some basic benchmarks. For cases with analytical solutions we check the accuracy for changing meshes and calculate the convergence rate.
A. Ortiz-Tapia, D. Lopez-Falcon, M. Diaz-Viera, S. Lopez-Ramirez, and J. Mendoza-dela-Cruz
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, D. F., Mexico
Numerical simulations of the equation of transport were performed using an adsorption isotherm equation, and a simple cubic polynomial. The 1D COMSOL implementation included solutes being injected from one face of a homogeneous, isotropic core (small sample of reservoir rock); where the concentration of injected surfactant was kept constant during the simulation. The spatial distribution of ...
E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...
The Simulation of Pore Scale Fluid Flow with Real World Geometries Obtained from X-Ray Computed Tomography
W. Fourie1, R. Said2, P. Young3, and D. L. Barnes1
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Water
and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA
2Simpleware, Ltd. Exeter, UK
3Computer Science and Mathematics, School of Engineering, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
With the recent improvement of X-ray Computed Tomography and robust modeling tools, it is now possible to show that pore scale fluid flow modeled by the Navier-Stokes equation can be used to derive macro parameters of Darcy’s Law, such as the hydraulic conductivity. The model allows calculation of isotropy, tortuosity and dispersivity of the soil in all directions. These parameters, which are ...
B. Hagemann, J. Wegner, L. Ganzer
Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
In tight gas formations where the low matrix permeability prevents successful and economic production rates, hydraulic fracturing is required to produce a well at economic rates. As production from the well and its initial fracture declines, re-fracturing treatments are required to accelerate recovery. The orientation of the following hydraulic fracture depends on the actual stress-state of the ...