In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Study of HVDC Grounding Systems Using Finite Element Methods

C. K. C. Arruda [1], A. A. Silveira [1], L. C. R. Vieira [1], F. C. Dart [1],
[1] CEPEL, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

High Voltage Direct Current transmission (HVDC) is a suitable alternative for long distance transmission. During the years, the use of this technology has been increasing, which is one of the several reasons to improve methodologies in HVDC grounding systems. Unlike the usual approach in AC, a HVDC grounding system is distinguished by its operating procedures, which is, when it is configured ...

Poroelasticity Benchmarking for FEM on Analytical Solutions

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

We examine the poroelastics mode, which couples hydraulics and mechanics by some basic benchmarks. For cases with analytical solutions we check the accuracy for changing meshes and calculate the convergence rate.

Developments in a Coupled Thermal-Hydraulic-Chemical-Geomechanical Model for Soil and Concrete

S.C. Seetharam[1], D. Jacques[1]
[1]Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium

This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...

Multiphysics Modelling of Standing Column Well and Implementation of Heat Pumps Off-Loading Sequence

A. Nguyen[1], P. Pasquier[1], D. Marcotte[1]
[1] Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

A fully coupled multiphysics model involving heat transfer and groundwater flow within a SCW and its surrounding ground was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a with MATLAB to simulate a 24-hour heating operation. The heat pumps were modeled using interpolation functions thereby allowing the effect of the pumped water temperature on the capacity and coefficient of performance of the heat ...

The Effect of Different Geometries on the Thermal Mantle Convection

M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

Integration of the DeProF Model for Two-Phase Flow in P.M. into the Subsurface Flow Module

M. S. Valavanides [1], E. D. Skouras [2], A. N. Kalarakis [3], V. N. Burganos [2],
[1] TEI Athens, Athens, Greece
[2] FORTH/ICE-HT, Patras, Greece
[3] TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece

Relative permeability maps for steady-state two-phase flow in porous media, delivered by implementing the DeProF model [1] algorithm, were integrated within COMSOL Multiphysics® software [2] to resolve field-scale flows in porous media. The mechanistic model DeProF [1], predicts the relative permeability of oil and water in terms of the capillary number, Ca, the oil/water flowrate ratio, r, ...

Poromechanics Investigation at Pore-scale Using Digital Rock Physics Laboratory

S. Zhang[1],
N. Saxena[2],
P. Barthelemy[1], and
M. Marsh[1]
[1]Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
[2]Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA

Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...

Modeling and Simulation of the Consolidation Behaviour of Cemented Paste Backfill

L. Cui [1], M. Fall [1],
[1] University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

In underground mining operations, the mined-out spaces (called stopes) need to be backfilled to maintain the stability of surrounding rock mass and increase the ore recovery. Cemented paste backfill (CPB), a mixture of water, binder, and tailings, has been intensively utilized in underground mining operations to fill the stopes. After preparation, the fresh CPB is transported into stopes via ...

Modeling Horizontal Ground Heat Exchangers in Geothermal Heat Pump Systems

A. Chiasson
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA

Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...