B. Hari, S. Bakalis, P. Fryer
The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...
Computation of Velocity, Pressure and Temperature Distributions near a Stagnation Point in Planar Laminar Viscous Incompressible Flow
E. Kaufman, and E. Gutierrez-Miravete
Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
As gas turbine temperatures and component life requirements continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to have a good understanding of the operating temperatures of their components. The objective of this study was to explorate whether a Hiemenz flow approximation based on measured static pressures near an airfoil leading edge can provide a good estimate of the leading edge heat ...
S. Yushanov, J. S. Crompton, K. C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA
This study analyzed the laser powder bed additive manufacturing process. The laser is modeled as a moving heat source with time dependent heat transfer causing local, transient melting of the metal powder. Heat transfer is considered to take place due to convection in the molten metal pool, solidification of molten metal and conduction, convection and radiation to the surrounding environment. ...
Y. Zheng, B. Xin
Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China
The electric field plays a very important role in the electrospinning process, which needs to be seriously considered in the electrospinning configuration developing. High voltage involved in electrospinning process leads to difficulty in measuring the electric field. Numerical simulation is used to design the electric field, and experiments are carried out to validate the spinneret and ...
E. Mogilevskiy, R. Ferrer, L. Gaffney, C. Granados, M. Huyse, Yu. Kudryavtsev, S. Raeder, P. Van Duppen
KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven, Belgium
De Laval nozzles are used in supersonic aerodynamical tubes and engines. They are also employed for the production of cold gas jets to be used in chemical reactions studies. Recently, cold gas jets have been proposed of In-Gas Laser ionization Spectroscopy (IGLIS) The nozzle has a converging and a diverging part with a throat between them. High gas pressure and temperature, and low velocity ...
E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, ...
S. Gorelick, M. Leivo, U. Kantojärvi
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, in ...
T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...
Numerical Aspects of the Implementation of Artificial Boundary Conditions for Laminar Fluid-Structure Interactions
C. Boeckle, P. Wittwer
University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss the implementation of artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the ...
P. K. Bahumanyam
University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, USA
Viable design alternative for the existing and fast growing UAVs which are optimized for unmanned flight is of great demand. Designing of a small scale UAV alternative to the AAI Aerosonde UAV has been considered changing the wing tail configuration of the vehicle analyzing both structural and aerodynamic performance improvements using COMSOL Multiphysics® software.