Guided Wave in Engineering Structures Using Non-Contact Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers: A Numerical Approach for the Technique Optimisation
S. Soua, A. Raude, and T-H. Gan
NDT Technology Group, TWI Ltd, Cambridge, United Kingdom
There are over 10 million kilometers of pipes and pipelines around the world that carry hazardous fluids and gases. Fluids include oil, oil products, chemicals such as solvents, caustics, acids, corrosives and combustibles often at high pressure and temperature. These pipes are susceptible to corrosion if they are not protected properly by the environment or the contents. Inspection of pipes is ...
K. Mcilhany, and J.C Hernandez
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Acoustic Imaging of hand movement is being studied with COMSOL and Matlab. A hardware implementation is being pursued that will be an array of 16x16 ultra-sonic speakers placed in a grid facing a similar grid of 16x16 microphones, operating at 40kHz. COMSOL is used to repeatedly calculate the diffraction pattern from a small scattering center, approximately 1.0cm in diameter. In conjunction ...
Simulation Analysis of Acoustic Radiation Force under Ultrasound Exposure and Effect to Microbubbles in Flow
Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
This paper is in Japanese.
J. McKenna, M. McKenna, S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
The propagation of shear (S) and compression (P) waves within the earth allows geologists to track seismic events and to identify subterranean structure. This work shows the strong effect of including the variation of wave speed through the top thirty meters of the earth. By including this variation in material properties, the wave arrival time and frequency content agree with experimental data. ...
R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited
Ultrasonic acoustic waves usually encounter interfaces with significant impedance mismatch in practical medical or industrial imaging applications. A transparent interface can help to improve the performance of medical and industrial imaging and overall innovative applications. Similarly, a broadband total reflection interface can help to improve the architectural or transportation barrier ...
On The Use of a Diffusion Equation Model for Sound Energy Flow Prediction in Acoustically Coupled Spaces
Y. Jing, and N. Xiang
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
This paper studies sound energy flows through an aperture across two coupled spaces using a diffusion equation model. The so-called double sloped sound energy decay is believed to be caused by the sound energy exchange through the aperture coupling the two rooms. The room diffusion equation is first solved by COMSOL, then the time dependent energy flow is visualized via COMSOL arrow plotting, ...
L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy
Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...
Simulation of Helmholtz Resonators for Optical Gas Sensing: Comparison Between Pressure Acoustics and Thermoacoustics - new
B. Parvitte, C. Risser, R. Vallon, V. Zéninari
Université de Reims, Reims, France
Among optical gas sensing methods, photoacoustic (PA) spectroscopy combined with a laser source has proven to be a very robust and sensitive method for trace gas detection. COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to calculate the frequency response of differential Helmholtz resonator cells in order to optimize the detection limit of PA sensors. Two different kind of simulation were performed: ...
R. Sisto, L. Cerini, D. Mambro, A. Moleti, F. Sanjust
INAIL Research, Monteporzio Catone, Italy
Università di Roma, Tor Vergata, Italy
The otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are acoustic signals emitted by the inner ear as a consequence of the activity of a nonlinear feedback mechanism capable of amplifying the signal near to the hearing threshold level. The otoacoustic emissions can be used as an acoustic imaging of the cochlear functionality. They are used in clinics for screening purposes but due to the extreme variability ...
D. Borelli and C. Schenone
DIPTEM, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
The present paper describes the results of a Finite Element Model used to analyze sound propagation in lined ducts. By means of a numerical model it was possible to predict the insertion loss inside rectangular lined ducts in a frequency range from 250 Hz to 4000 Hz. The model was validated by a comparison with experimental data obtained in accordance to ISO 11691 and ISO 7235 standards. The ...