La Galleria delle Applicazioni raccoglie un'ampia varietà di tutorial e di app dimostrative realizzati con COMSOL Multiphysics in diversi ambiti applicativi, inclusi quelli elettrico, meccanico, fluidico e chimico. E' possibile scaricare i file dei modelli e delle app demo pronti all'uso e le istruzioni step-by-step per costruirli, e utilizzarli come punto di partenza per le proprie simulazioni.

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Dipolar Microwave Plasma Source

This model presents a 2D axisymmetric dipolar microwave plasma source sustained through resonant heating of the electrons. This is known as electron cyclotron resonance (ECR), which occurs when a suitable high magnetic flux density is present along with the microwaves. This is an advanced model that showcases many of the features that make COMSOL unique, including: Infinite elements for the ...

Applying a Current-Voltage Switch to Models

This example exemplifies how to model the switching between current and voltage excitations in *Terminal* boundary conditions. A more detailed description of the phenomenon and the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Control Current and Voltage Sources with the AC/DC Module](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/control-current-and-voltage-sources-with-the-acdc-module/)".

Surface Chemistry Tutorial Using the Plasma Module

Surface chemistry is often an overlooked aspect of reacting flow modeling. This tutorial model shows how surface reactions and species can be added to study processes like chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The tutorial then models silicon growth on a wafer. Initially, the example uses a global model to investigate a broad region of parameters with complex chemistry. Then, a space-dependent model ...

Capacitively Coupled Plasma

The NIST Gaseous Electronics Conference has provided a platform for studying Capacitively Coupled Plasma (CCP) reactors, which is what this application is based upon. The operating principle of a capacitively coupled plasma is different when compared to the inductive case. In a CCP reactor, the plasma is sustained by applying a sinusoidal electrostatic potential across a small gap filled with a ...

Ion Energy Distribution Function

One of the most useful quantites of interest after solving a self-consistent plasma model is the ion energy distribution function (IEDF). The magnitude and shape of the IEDF depends on many of the discharge parameters; pressure, plasma potential, sheath width etc. At very low pressures the plasma sheath is said to be collisionless, meaning that the ion energy is not retarded by collisions with ...

GEC CCP Reactor, Argon Chemistry, 1D

The NIST GEC CCP reactor provides a platform for studying capacitively coupled plasmas. Even the simplest plasma models are quite involved so a 1D example helps in understanding the physics without excessive CPU time. The problem has no steady-state solution, although a periodic steady-state solution is reached after a suitable number of RF cycles (usually >1000).

Electrodeless Lamp

This model simulates an electrodeless lamp with argon/mercury chemistry. The low excitation threshold for mercury atoms means that even though the mercury is present in small concentrations, its behavior dominates. There is strong UV emission from the plasma at 185 nm and 253 nm. The UV emission can stimulate phosphors coated on the surface of the bulb. From an electrical point of view, the lamp ...

Oxygen Boltzmann Analysis

The Boltzmann equation can be solved to validate sets of electron impact collision cross sections. In fact, sets of collision cross sections are traditionally inferred by solving a two-term approximation to the Boltzmann equation and comparing the results to swarm experiments. This model solves a two-term approximation to the Boltzmann equation and compares the computed drift velocity and ...

Argon Boltzmann Analysis

The electron energy distribution function (EEDF) plays an important role in the overall behavior of discharges. Analytic forms of the EEDF exist such as Maxwellian or Druyvesteyn, but in some cases they fail to fit the discharge physics. This tutorial model investigates the effects of various parameters on the electron energy distribution function and rate coefficients for an argon discharge.

Atmospheric Pressure Corona Discharge in Air

This tutorial model presents a study of a coaxial DC corona discharge in dry air at atmospheric pressure. The dimensions and operation conditions are similar to ones found in electrostatic precipitators with wire-to-plate configurations. The inner wire electrode has a 100-mm radius and the gap between electrodes is 10 cm. The model solves the electron and ion continuity and momentum equations ...