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La Galleria dei Modelli raccoglie un'ampia varietà di modelli realizzati con COMSOL Multiphysics in diversi ambiti applicativi, inclusi quelli elettrico, meccanico, fluidico e chimico. E' possibile scaricare i file .mph dei modelli pronti all'uso e le istruzioni step-by-step per costruirli, e utilizzarli come punto di partenza per le proprie simulazioni. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida permette di trovare i modelli che si riferiscono alla propria area di interesse. Per scaricare i file .mph dei modelli è necessario effettuare il login o creare un account COMSOL Access associato a un numero di licenza valido.

Electronic Enclosure Cooling

This study simulates the thermal behavior of a computer Power Supply Unit (PSU). Most of such electronic enclosures include cooling devices to avoid electronic components to be damaged by excessively high temperatures. In this model, an extracting fan and a perforated grille cause an air flow in the enclosure to cool internal heating.

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Aluminum Extrusion

In massive forming processes like rolling or extrusion, metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state with material flowing under ideally plastic conditions. Such processes can be simulated effectively using computational fluid dynamics, where the material is considered as a fluid with a very high viscosity that depends on velocity and temperature. Internal friction of the moving material acts ...

The Magnus Effect

The Magnus effect explains the curl that soccer players can give the ball, resulting in the enjoyable goals that we can see in every World Cup™. This model looks at the Magnus effect in the laminar and turbulent flow regimes for transient and stationary flows. It also discusses the simulation results and relates them to experimental measurements on soccer balls found in the literature.

Heat Transfer in a Surface-Mount Package for a Silicon Chip

All integrated circuits—especially high-speed devices—produce heat. In today’s dense electronic system layouts heat sources are many times placed close to heat-sensitive ICs. Designers of printed-circuit boards often need to consider the relative placement of heat-sensitive and heat-producing devices, so that the sensitive ones do not overheat. One type of heat-generating device is a ...

Anisotropic Heat Transfer through Woven Carbon Fibers

This model and presentation shows how to model anisotropic properties of fibers in a heat transfer simulation. Because the fibers orientation is not easy to define explicitly, the curvilinear coordinate interface is used to define the fiber orientation. The fibers have high thermal conductivity in the fiber direction and low conductivity in the perpendicular direction.

Turbulent Flow Over a Backward Facing Step

The backward facing step is an interesting case for studying the performance and solution strategy of a turbulence model. In this case, the flow is subjected to a sudden increase of cross-sectional area, resulting in a separation of flow starting at the point of expansion. Spatial variations in the velocity field cause production of turbulence outside the wall region and its interaction with ...

Hepatic Tumor Ablation

One method for removing cancerous tumors from healthy tissue is to heat the malignant tissue to a critical temperature that kills the cancer cells. This example accomplishes the localized heating by inserting a four-armed electric probe through which an electric current runs. Equations for the electric field for this case appear in the Electric Currents interface, and this example couples them to ...

Turbulent Flow Through a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Cross Section

This model studies a part of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger where hot water enters from above. The cooling medium flows through the tubes that, in this model, impose a constant temperature at the walls. Furthermore, the tubes are assumed to be made of stainless steel and the heat flux is also modeled through them. The purpose of the model is to show the coupling between the k-omega turbulence ...

Fluid Damper

Fluid dampers are used in military devices for shock isolation and in civil structures for suppressing earthquake-induced shaking and wind-induced vibrations, among many other applications. Fluid dampers work by dissipating the mechanical energy into heat. This model shows the phenomenon of viscous heating and consequent temperature increase in a fluid damper. Viscous heating is also important in ...

Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of a Surface-Mounted Resistor

The drive for miniaturizing electronic devices has resulted in today’s extensive use of surface-mount electronic components. An important aspect in electronics design and the choice of materials is a product’s durability and lifetime. For surface-mount resistors and other components producing heat it is a well-known problem that temperature cycling can lead to cracks propagating through the ...