# Galleria delle Applicazioni

La Galleria delle Applicazioni raccoglie un'ampia varietà di tutorial e di app dimostrative realizzati con COMSOL Multiphysics in diversi ambiti applicativi, inclusi quelli elettrico, meccanico, fluidico e chimico. E' possibile scaricare i file dei modelli e delle app demo pronti all'uso e le istruzioni step-by-step per costruirli, e utilizzarli come punto di partenza per le proprie simulazioni.

Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida permette di trovare i modelli che si riferiscono alla propria area di interesse. Per scaricare i file .mph dei modelli è necessario effettuare il login o creare un account COMSOL Access associato a un numero di licenza valido.

### Airflow over an Ahmed Body

The Ahmed body represents a simplified, ground vehicle geometry of a bluff body type. Its shape is simple enough to allow for accurate flow simulation but retains some important practical features relevant to automobile bodies. This model describes how to calculate the turbulent flow field around a simple car-like geometry using the Turbulent Flow, k-epsilon interface. Detailed instructions ...

### Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer

This model exemplifies the use of the Rotating Machinery interface, which allows you to model moving rotating parts in, for example, stirred tanks, mixers, and pumps. The Rotating Machinery interface formulates the Navier-Stokes equations in a rotating coordinate system. Parts that are not rotated are expressed in the fixed material coordinate system. The rotating and fixed parts need to be ...

### Turbulent Mixing of a Trace Species

This tutorial model demonstrates how mixing can be visualized in a stirred vessel by seeding a trace species from a point. The flow is modeled using the Rotating Machinery, Fluid Flow physics which solves Navier-Stokes equations on geometries with rotating parts, for example impellers. The transport of the trace species is modeled using the Transport of Diluted Species physics.

### Particle Tracing in a Micromixer

Micromixers can either be static or dynamic depending on the required mixing time and length scale. For static mixers, the Reynolds number has to be suitable high to induce turbulence enhanced mixing. Often micromixers operate in the laminar flow regime due to their small characteristic size. The diffusivity of a solute in the flowing fluid may also be extremely small, on the order of 10?10m2/s. ...

### Flow of Oldroyd-B Viscoelastic Fluid

Many complex fluids of interest exhibit a combination of viscous and elastic behavior under strain. Examples of such fluids are polymer solutions and melts, oil, toothpaste, and clay, among many others. The Oldroyd-B fluid presents one of the simplest constitutive models capable of describing the viscoelastic behavior of dilute polymeric solutions under general flow conditions. Despite the ...

### Solar Panel in Periodic Flow Template

This model exemplifies the analysis of a stong wind flow around a solar panel and the corresponding structural displacement due to the wind's load. The solar panel is located in an array of equally spaced identical panels, which allows the assumption that the periodic flow conditions can be applied in the streamwise direction. The models plots the flow field for a free stream velocity of 25 m ...

### Syngas Combustion in a Round-Jet Burner

The model simulates non-premixed turbulent combustion of syngas (synthesis gas) in a simple round-jet burner. Syngas is a gas mixture, primarily composed of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. The name syngas relates to its use in creating synthetic natural gas. In the model, syngas is fed from a pipe into an open region with a slow co-flow of air. Upon exiting the pipe, the syngas ...

### Two-Phase Flow Modeling of a Dense Suspension

Liquid-solid mixtures (suspensions) are important in a variety of industrial fields, such as oil and gas refinement, paper manufacturing, food processing, slurry transport, and wastewater treatment. Several different modeling approaches have been developed by the CFD community, ranging from discrete, particle-based methods to macroscopic, semi-empirical two-phase descriptions. This model ...

### Bubble-induced Entrainment Between Stratified Liquid Layers

This model is a benchmark for three-phase flow commonly used in food processing, pharmaceutical industry, and chemical processing. The results are validated against data reported in the literature. A gas bubble rises through two layers of liquid, a lighter liquid resting on top of a heavier one. As the bubble travels from the heavier liquid, it entrains some of the heavier liquid in its wake ...

### Pipe Erosion due to Contaminant Particles

The _Particle Tracing for Fluid Flow_ interface is used to compute the erosion of a pipe bend. The amount of material lost is computed using different erosion models.

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