Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure - new
P. Ciesielski, M. Crowley, L. Thompson, B. Donohoe, D. Robichaud, A. Sanders, M. Nimlos, T. Foust
Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA
Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...
O. Silva, M. Pekala, D. Garcia, J. Molinero, A. Nardi, M. Grive, B. Cochepin
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechéts Radioactifs, Châtenay-Malabry Cedex, France
The French National Waste Management Agency (Andra) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste through deep geological storage (multibarrier). Waste storage is based on the Callovo-Oxfordian formation (CallOx). It has been updated a reactive transport model accounting for the chemical and thermal evolution of a HLW cell. Improvements are a better ...
C. Soares, N. Padoin, F. Montalvo, D. Cobra
Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
CERTI Foundation, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
Schistosoma mansoni parasites affect million people worldwide. The intensity of the infection can be evaluated by the number of eggs present in the stool of an infected individual. The application of the traditional methods has been regarded as impractical in developing areas and there is a continuous search for new techniques. In face of this scenario, a new method of diagnosis was explored in ...
J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, J.M. Serra, and A. Santafé-Moros
Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Depart., Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto de Tecnología Química, Valencia, Spain
Oxygen transfer through ceramic membranes at high-temperature can substantially reduce costs respect to conventional separation methods. With the aim to improve the determination of the properties of the ceramic materials, a lab-scale permeation set-up was modeled using the Chemical Engineering Module of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The solution required the coupling of three domains. Gas flow was ...
Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
E. Ruiz-Reina and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona
Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.
Chemical Leachate Simulation for Environmental Safety Evaluation in Civil Engineering Applications of Construction Byproducts
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
This presentation shows a numerical simulation model of the chemical leachate process from construction byproducts and the chemical transport process with geochemical reactions for their environmental safety evaluation.
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
M. Divakaran, S. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Due to the coupling of foam flow with foam generation step, the earlier studies on foam flow have not led to consistent results. An increase in flow rate to obtain ?P vs. Q data changes the foam under investigation itself. The controlled experiments carried out earlier in our group show that ?P increases with flow rate as Q^2/3, a weaker dependence than that known for laminar flow or plug flow ...
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...
J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, A. Santafé-Moros, J.L. Díez-Ruano, J. Bondia
Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto Universitario de Automática e Informática Industrial (AI2) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Microdialysis is a technique of continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. In microdialysis, a saline serum is perfused into a microdialysis probe. Glucose pass from the plasmatic fluid through the porous membrane. The glucose concentration in the dialysate obtained is measured by an external analytical device. This preliminary work aimed to obtain a model to relate glucose ...