H. Kwon, M. Hess II, R. M. Polski
Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Mathematical skin models play an important role in fields such as transdermal drug delivery and assessment of dermal exposure to industrial chemicals. Extensive research has been conducted on modeling skin for transdermal drug delivery; however, little effort has been made to view the skin as a permeable layer to expel waste chemicals or toxins from the body. In this work, we focused on topical ...
D. Lelièvre, P. Glouannec
Université de Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France
Drying is an essential step in many manufacturing processes, for it will have an important impact on the product quality. This is why many numerical models have been realized over decades, in order to predict the hygrothermal behavior of porous media during the drying process. In this paper, we present a model allowing to properly simulate the pressure, heat and mass transfer during the drying ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. ...
M. Hashiguchi ,
 Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Vortex ring can be useful to generate thrust force for e.g., jellyfish, but its mechanism has not been clarified. In this field, it seems that numerical simulation has an important role of understanding the propulsion mechanism of creature. A vortex ring in a tube, refered to confined vortex ring, have been far less studied compared with unconfined vortex rings, despite their importance for many ...
S. Sandoval Torres
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...
L. Nespoli, M. Bianchi Janetti, F. Ochs
Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
A model for the conjugate simulation of heat and moisture transfer inside porous materials and fluid domains is implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of this model are compared with those obtained through a simplified approach: the line-source approach. The models are both validated with experimental data and with numerical results from other authors. On the one hand the conjugate ...
M. M. Pariona , F. de Oliveira ,
 State University of Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this work is to verify the effect of Multigrid method on the CPU time for the resolution of the heat transfer model, based on the Finite Element Method (FEM), in order to simulate the laser surface remelting (LSR) of the Al–1.5 wt.% Fe alloy. To accelerate the convergence of Single grid methods, Multigrid method (MG) was employed in order to reduce the CPU time. In ...
Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration
Jeevan J.Mahakud, Ziaur Reheman
Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...
A. Prasad , O. K. Sacks , R. C. Thiagarajan ,
 ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, India
This paper deals with the numerical experiments for early prediction of muffler performance at the design stage. In this experiment a Reactive Muffler is developed and validated numerically compared to traditional built and test process.
S. Cambon , I. Bogdanov 
Open & Experimental Center for Heavy Oil (CHLOE), University of Pau, Pau, France
The efficiency and environmental impact of oil production become a principal challenge of energy producing companies. The improvement of existing and development of novel methods are often feasible within either a “new” physical framework (from the viewpoint of oil reservoir applications) or a non-trivial combination of “known” phenomena. Last fifty years the dedicated reservoir simulators have ...