Presentazioni e Articoli Tecnici

In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Deformable Image Registration for Pleural Photodynamic Therapy

B. Liu[1], T. C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Deformable image registration is a form of medical image processing that can provide insights into the development of phenomenon and variation in normal anatomical structure over time. Prior to post-operative pleural photodynamic therapy (PDT), a series of CT scans of lungs will be acquired. During PDT treatment, an infrared navigation system is used to contour the lungs and provide real-time ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

A Numerical Study for Rubber Particles Collection Involved in New Thermoforming Composite Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Carbone[1], V. Antonelli[2][3], A. Langella[1], and R. Marissen[3]

[1]Material and Production Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Institute of Lightweight Structures, Technische Universität München, München, Germany
[3]Design and Production of Composite Structure, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

This paper deal of the forming process applied to the thermoplastic composites. A new thermoforming process that uses rubber particles collection as flexible mould was presented and numerically modeled. A characterization of the rubber in particles form was previously performed to value the material parameters in the user-defined hyperelastic constitutive laws employed in the FEM (Finite Element ...

Energy Transformation Damping

G.S. Mulder[1]
[1]Leiden, The Netherlands

A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object ...

Design of Soft Actuators using Ionic Polymer Metal Composites

D. M. G. Preethichandra1, B. G. L. T. Samaranayake2, A. M. U. S. K. Alahakoon2 and K. Kaneto1
1Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Hibikino, Wakamatusu-Ku, Kitakyushu-Shi, Japan
2Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

This paper characterizes and models the bending motion of the strip-type Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMC) actuators using the theory of Large Deflections of Beams. From here it derives a thermal analogy. The mathematical model has been experimentally verified for an actuator with the dimensions 25mm×2.6mm×0.44 mm.Theoretical and experimental results are compared to show the validity of the ...

Stress State Determination in Nanoelectronic Silicon Devices Coupling COMSOL Multiphysics and a Recursive Dynamical CBED Pattern Simulation

A. Spessot[1,2], S. Frabboni[1], A. Armigliato[3], and R. Balboni[3]
[1]Numonyx Advanced R&D NVMTD-FTM, Agrate Brianza, Italy
[2]National Research Center S3, CNR-INFM and Department of Physics, University of Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
[3]CNR-IMM Section of Bologna, Italy

Strained technology is being promoted as the best way to extend the performance of semiconductor transistors. An inhomogeneous layer deposited on top of a silicon device can induce a strong modification in the real silicon strain state, and consequently in its electronic performance. Coupling the finite elements analysis done by COMSOL with a recursive CBED and LACBED dynamical simulation, we are ...

Numerical modelling of the damage potential of climate variations to a historic wooden cabinet

Z. Huijbregts, H. Schellen, and J. van Schijndel
Department of the Built Environment
Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The two wooden cabinets of Jan van Mekeren that are located in Amerongen Castle show comparable wood damage; in particular large cracks in the cabinet doors are clearly noticeable. It is assumed that these cracks were caused by bad indoor climate conditions in the castle. Combined computational modelling of the indoor climate conditions in the castle and the hygroscopic and mechanical ...

Densification and Shape Change of Calcined High Level Waste During Hot-Isostatic Pressing

T. Burnett, and D. Lower
CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC
The Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID

Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been selected as a means of treating calcined high level waste (HLW). The process combines high temperature and pressure to densify the HLW in to a mineral similar to the geologic formulation of granite. This study uses COMSOL to predict densification and shape deformation of a stainless steel can filled with HLW. Two approaches were used to model densification ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

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