Interfacing Continuum and Discrete Methods: Convective Diffusion of Microparticles and Chemical Species in Microsystems
CEA-LETI, Department of Biotechnology, Grenoble, France
Convective transport of macromolecules or micro and nanoparticles in microsystems are usually predicted by solving the Navier Stokes equations for the carrier fluid and a concentration equation for the diffusing species. In the case of isolated particles or complicated geometries with extremely small apertures or microporous material, the concentration equation maybe replaced by a Monte Carlo ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...
C. Trenado, D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar
Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany
Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...
Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Modelling of the Bentonite Barriers in Final Disposal of High Level Nuclear Waste
M. Olin, M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö, V. Pulkkanen, A. Itälä, K. Rasilainen, A. Seppälä, and M. Liukkonen
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Nuclear Energy, Finland
The bentonite barrier is an essential part of safe nuclear waste repository in granite bedrock. In this work COMSOL Multiphysics® is applied to modeling Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) processes taking place in a bentonite buffer. The system is studied in different geometries, which consists of an overall 3D layout and a 2D cross-section of bentonite buffer and open fracture. ...
W. Booth, J. Schiffbauer, J. Fernandez, K. Kelley, A. Timperman, and B. Edwards
Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...
N. Pacheco, D. Pavone, K. Surla, J. Houzelot, and E. Schaer
IFP-Lyon, Solaize, France
ENSIC, Solaize, France
This paper intends to show a model of a monolithic reactor for the autothermal reforming process (ATR), a process that uses hydrocarbons to produce H2. The ATR chemical reactions take place on the surface of monolith channels coated with a catalyst. The isothermal ATR reactor is modeled using 42 catalytic surface chemical reactions that involve 13 solid species and 7 gas species. To solve the ...
Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium
Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this paper ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...
M. Qin, and H. Bau
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...
National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan
Dr. Chin-Hsien Cheng received his PhD. Degree in National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan in 2007. He joined Institute for Integrated Energy Systems, University of Victoria, Canada as a post-doctoral fellow until Aug. 2009. Currently, he is a research associate and lab manager of the Modeling and Simulation Lab. in the Fuel Cell Center, Yuan-Ze University. Dr. Cheng has been work in the field of ...