A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate
D. Statler, and R. Gupta
Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics software, when properly configured, can readily solve modeling problems in the laminar flow regime using the standard Navier-Stokes equations or in the fully turbulent flow regime using the kappa-epsilon model. Failure to solve a particular model is typically manifested by instability in the calculation and a failure of the model to converge. This paper presents a new approach ...
Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium
Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...
A. Buchau, and W. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart, Germany
Augmented reality is predestined for visualization of electromagnetic fields in air or inside transparent matter. Real existing objects are studied and invisible electromagnetic fields are added as virtual objects. Hence, experts as well as students are able to connect electromagnetic fields easily with studied objects. They can concentrate on physical effects instead on reading figures. Here, an ...
J. McGuirk and P. Collins
Air Force Institute of Technology, WPAFB, OH, USA
The performance of simplified cylindrical cloaks with various material parameters was investigated. The performance metric was the overall scattering width of the cloak with various objects in the hidden region. COMSOL was used to simulate three cloaks with different material parameters to determine the total field in the simulation domain. For all cloaks simulated in this effort, a PEC-lined ...
W. Vetterling, and Z. Peng
Zink Imaging, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
This document describes a method for maintaining the long-term calibration of a full color direct thermal printer. An essential component of the system is a thermal model created using COMSOL Multiphysics that allows fitting of color data recorded at different temperatures and exposure times to model results for the same conditions. The fitted results reveal the depth and thickness of color dye ...
COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
P. Masson, and R. Meinke
Advanced Magnet Lab, Palm Bay, Florida, USA
Superconductors have the unique capability of trapping magnetic flux. This feature has the potential to enable and improve several applications including high power density rotating machines. Current material used as trapped flux magnets (TFM) is single domain YBCO that present numerous limitations interms of performance, stability and size. One way to overcome the limitations is to use thin ...
S. Suganthi, M. Anandraj, and L. Sujatha
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
Department of Physics, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
Porous Silicon (PS) can easily be formed by electrochemical etching of silicon in HF based electrolytes at room temperature. Since, PS is compatible with silicon IC technology; it finds lot of applications in the fabrication of MEMS devices. In the current study, we discuss the design of a condenser microphone using a Silicon/ Porous Silicon composite membrane as a movable plate. The performance ...
J.D. Freels, I.T. Bodey, and R.V. Arimilli
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Recent new releases of COMSOL provide the user with a dramatic new interface from which to interact, and many new features “under the hood” for solving problems more efficiently and with even greater accuracy and consistency than before. This paper will explore several of these new version 4+ features for the conjugate heat transfer class of problems. Our environment is unique in that we ...