E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
A. Haas, M. Scholle, A. Aksel, H.M. Thompson, R.W. Hewson, and P.H. Gaskell
Department of Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Heat transfer in a plane shear flow configuration consisting of two infinitely long parallel plates is considered. In laminar flows over undulated substrates eddies can be generated due to the kinematical constraints. A closed form analytical solution for the velocity field, based on lubrication theory as well as a semi-analytic solution for the temperature field is derived for the creeping ...
C. Siegel, G. Bandlamudi, N. van der Schoot, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...
P. Krastev, and B. Tracey
Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve. Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...
Periodic Near-field Enhancement on Metal-Dielectric Interfacial Gratings at Optimized Azimuthal Orientation
M. Csete[1,2], X. Hu, A. Sipos, A. Szalai, A. Mathesz, and K. Berggren
Research Laboratory of Electronics, Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
The effect of plasmon-wavelength scaled gratings on the surface plasmon resonance is studied experimentally and theoretically. The model samples are multi-layers containing laser fabricated gratings at bimetal-polymer interfaces. Dual-angle dependent surface plasmon resonance measurements are performed illuminating the samples by monochromatic light in Kretschmann arrangement. The double ...
T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
T. Merrill, A. La Barck, and J. Docimo
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, USA
FocalCool, LLC, Mullica Hill, New Jersey, USA
Reperfusion injury is caused by the rapid restoration of blood flow to oxygen-starved tissue. Animal studies show that intermittent periods of occlusion (also called post-conditioning) during reperfusion can limit tissue damage to vital organs such as the heart and brain. These studies suggest that the protective effects of post-conditioning relate to the dynamics of blood flow. COMSOL is being ...
Time-Resolved Optical Tomography in Preclinical Studies: Propagation of Excitation and Fluorescence Photons.
F. Nouizi, R. Chabrier, M. Torregrossa, and P. Poulet
Laboratoire d’Imagerie et de Neurosciences Cognitives, Straßbourg, France
Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Image, de l'Informatique et de la Télédétection, France
We present time-resolved methods that rely on near-infrared photons to image the optical properties and distribution of fluorescent probes in small laboratory animals. The coupled diffusion equations of excitation and fluorescence photons in highly scattering tissues were solved using the three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) provided by COMSOL. The computed results allowed to yield ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
PAL University of Science and Technology, China
Linear motor has a lot of applications, such as magnetic levitation train, electromagnetic weapons. It is a very important research significance. We established a three-dimensional model of linear motor to calculate the magnetic field lines and flux density distribution, and got the electromagnetic force too. We compared the results of simulation using COMSOL and experiment under different ...