H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
M. Higginson-Rollins, C. Crawford
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
The traditionally magnetic design process involves guessing at a reasonable conductor geometry, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting fields, and modifying the configuration iteratively to reach an acceptable solution. Taking the opposite approach, we developed a method of calculating the conductor geometry as a function of the desired magnetic field. This method ...
Numerical Optimization of Heating for High-Speed Rotating Cup by Means of Multiphysics Modeling and its Experimental Verification - new
K. Kyrgyzbaev, M. Willert-Porada, M. Terock
University of Bayreuth, Chair of Materials Processing, Bayreuth, Germany
The physics of rotating cups and disks is an important research subject in many areas of engineering. The rotating cup/disk has been employed in many industrial applications such as spin-coating of phosphor on television screens or photoresist films on silicon wafer, concentrating solutions by evaporation, centrifugal atomization of metal melts, and glass flakes production. In this work the ...
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...
A. Beerwinkle, R. Singh, and G. Kirikera
Mechanics of Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, OK
Geophysical Research Company, LLC, (GRC) Tulsa, OK
A three-dimensional finite element model, based on the linear field equations for superimposed small vibrations onto nonlinear thermoelastic stressed media given by Lee and Yong, was developed. This method involves solving the thermal stress and piezoelectric model with geometric and material nonlinearities. The thickness-shear mode frequency response of the model was benchmarked to ...
Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland
We study the spin wave excitation (coherent precession of magnetic moments) in periodically arranged magnetic stripes, i.e., in one-dimensional magnonic crystal (MC). Two approaches have been implemented. We have defined a structure that dispersion relation can be obtained using both approaches and compared them. In general, the approach I has to be used for MCs where the exchange interactions ...
Modeling and Simulation of Membrane Contactor Employed to Strip CO2 from Rich Solvents via COMSOL Multiphysics® - new
N. Ghasem, M. Al-Marzouqi, N. A. Rahim
United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
A mathematical model is developed for the stripping of CO2 from rich solvent. The rich solvent (aqueous NaOH) is used in CO2 absorption from natural gas through gas-liquid hollow fiber membrane contactor. The polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane was fabricated via thermally induced phase separation techniques. COMSOL Multiphysics software package is used in solving the set of ...
G. Petrone, C. Balocco
BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
High levels of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Operating Theatres (OT) is an important issue in order to contribute in prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSI). Despite of specific plant layouts are applied for OT ventilation (e.g. unidirectional flow), the effective use conditions can heavily modify the design microclimate and air quality levels. Medical staff presence and movements and sliding ...
G. Maizza and A. Tassinari
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Capacitor Discharge Sintering (CDS) is an ultrafast Electric Current Assisted Sintering method (u-ECAS) suited for electrically conductive powders. It is characterized by relatively short processing times (milliseconds range) and much lower sintering temperatures than the melting point of the powders. However, the CDS basic phenomena are not fully understood yet neither at the macroscale nor at ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...