Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
K. Al-Shurman, H. Naseem
The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...
S. Harrison, M. Young, M. Hayne, P. D. Hodgson, R. J. Young, A. Strittmatter, A. Lenz, U. W. Pohl, D. Bimberg
Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
Institut für Festkörperphysik, Berlin, Germany
Low-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures, in which charge carriers are confined in a number of spatial dimensions, are the focus of much solid-state physics research, offering superior optical and electronic properties over their bulk counterparts. Both two-dimensional (2D) and zero-dimensional (0D) structures have seen wide-ranging applications in laser diodes, solar cells and LEDs to name ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
This report mainly discusses the implementation and results of a project proposal, “Modelling using Finite Element Methods”. The report is devoted to implementation, which is a model of an electromagnet. The software tool that is used to model the electromagnet is COMSOL Multiphysics®, a commercial FEA package provided by the University of Manchester, Computer Science School. Additionally, the ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
Z. Zheng, R. Zhang
Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA
Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...
T. Karmokar, R. Pietsch
HIGHVOLT Prüftechnik Dresden GmbH, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany
The computation of electric field strength is the state-of-the-art technique for designing and optimizing High-Voltage (HV) equipment. In this research, the equipment under analysis is Cable Termination (CaTr) which is used to apply high-voltage (75 kV – 800 kV AC) on the cable to be tested (Figure 1). The CaTr is based on the principle of linear electric field control using deionised water with ...
P. L. Mills , K. Barman , S. Mothupally , A. Sonejee ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Fluid flow patterns in research or process-scale equipment where a fluid is contained between concentric rotating cylinders in the absence of bulk axial flow has received notable attention in the field of fluid mechanics. Annular flows occur in many practical applications, such as in the production of oil and gas, fluid viscometers, centrifugally-driven separation processes, ...
S. Mitra, P. Sharma, M. Godbole, and M. Kumar KM
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 GE Global Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
The effects of electric fields on combustion flames have been studied by using several types of experimental techniques as well as few numerical methods. The flame is influenced by the electric field mainly due to the charges present as a result of chemical reactions that take place in the flame. From earlier experiments it was established that the electrical power required to do so is very less ...