In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Magnetotelluric Response Distortion Over Rugged Topography

D. Rizzello[1], P. Canepa[1], E. Armadillo[1]
[1]DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...

Modeling Internal Erosion Processes in Soil Pipes

J. L. Nieber [1], G. V. Wilson [2], G. A. Fox [3],
[1] University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA
[2] United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service National Sedimentation Laboratory, Oxford, MS, USA
[3] North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

The erosion of the interior of soil pipes is an important process in the fields of geomechanics and geomorphology. Soil pipes can form in water holding structures like dams and levees, and water flow through these structures becomes concentrated into the soil pipes as they evolve by the process of internal erosion. With time the erosion process will lead to a soil pipe spanning the entire ...

Integrated Model For Ocean Waves Propagating Over Marine Structures On A Porous Seabed

D-S. Jeng, X. Luo, and J. Zhang
Division of Civil Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK

In this paper, an integrated model for ocean waves propagating over a submerged coastal structure, based on COMSOL Multiphysics, is presented. In the model, Navier-Stoke Equation is solved for the wave propagation and Biot’s poro-elastic model is solved for the porous seabed. The new feature of this model is to integrate both wave and soil models into one model. This can be achieved within ...

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Analysis of Multiphysics Problems Related to Energy Piles

E. Evgin[1], J.A.I. Sedano [1], Z. Fu[1]
[1]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Energy piles transfer the mechanical loads from buildings to the ground and serve as heat exchangers. Temperature changes in the ground influence its moisture content. This paper examines the effect of soil moisture content on the shaft resistance of a pile. Tests were carried out in the laboratory to determine the mechanical properties of an interface corresponding to various soil moisture ...

Elasto-Plastic FEM Models Explain the Emplacement of Shallow Magma Intrusions in Volcanic Complexes

A. Bistacchi[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy

We present numerical models and field data that aid understanding of volcano-tectonic processes related to the propagation of inclined sheets and dykes under a stress field resulting from the inflation of a shallow magma chamber. Structural field data from the classical Cuillins cone-sheet complex (Isle of Skye) show that sheets have a constant average dip angle (45°), with pure dilational or ...

3D Simulations of an Injection Test Done Into an Unsaturated Porous and Fractured Limestone

A. Thoraval[1], Y. Guglielmi[2], F. Cappa[3]
[1]INERIS, Nancy, France
[2]CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France
[3]GEOAZUR, Valbonne, France

We have developed a numerical model to represent the effect of injection test in unsaturated porous and fractured rock mass. The test was conducted at the LSBB (Laboratoire Souterrain à Bas Bruit) site close to Rustrel, Vaucluse, France in the field of the French ANR project called “HPPP-CO2”. The results underline the impact of fractures on the hydro-mechanical response of the rock-mass. Indeed ...