In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Miscible Viscous Fingering of Pushed Versus Pulled Interface

S. Pramanik[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

Viscous fingering (VF) instability has been extensively studied over past several decades in the context of various industrial, environmental and chemical processes. We try to model miscible VF at pushed or pulled interfaces using COMSOL Multiphysics®. We study the effect of the positive and negative log-mobility ratio on the fingering instability. Numerical simulation has been performed in 2D ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Analysis of Mixing Chambers for the Processing of Two-Component Adhesives for Transport Applications

P. Steinert [1], R. Paul [1], I. Schaarschmidt [1], M. Zinecker [1], M. Hackert-Oschätzchen [1], Th. Muschalek [2], J. Esslinger [2], A. Schubert [1]
[1] Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2] Rublic+Canzler GmbH, Dresden, Germany

Two-component adhesives are commonly used for sealing and joining in transport applications for mechanically highly stressed connections. At the Chemnitz University of Technology an innovative system technology for the user-friendly, wireless and energy-efficient processing of two-component adhesives with electrical drive is developed. In this context, the simulation-based layout of main ...

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams - new

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...

Keyhole Behavior During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere [1], C. Touvrey [2], P. Namy [1]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France

The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...

Fluid Flow Modeling in a Bioreactor Applied to Wine Production

C. Soares [1], N. Padoin [1], P. M. Aballay [2], O. A. Ortiz [2],
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
[2] Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, Argentina

Wine quality is strongly dependent on the operation parameters of the production process. In batch or fed batch reactors, the rotating velocity should be carefully controlled to avoid cellular stress and ensure adequate mixing of the mixture. Moreover, precise control of substrates concentration evolution and cellular growth, as well as efficient heat transfer, allows the production of high ...

Simplified CFD Modeling of Air Pollution Reduction by Means of Greenery in Urban Canyons

S. Lazzari [1], K. Perini [1], E. R. di Schio [2], E. Roccotiello [3],
[1] University of Genova, Dept. of Sciences for Architecture, Genova, Italy
[2] University of Bologna, Dept. of Industrial Engineering, Bologna, Italy
[3] University of Genova, Dept. of Sciences of Earth, Environment and Life, Genova, Italy

As known, air quality in urban areas is dramatically affected in particular by the noteworthy presence of respirable suspended particulate matter (such as PM2.5), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC), which are mainly due to traffic-induced emissions. On the other hand, it is also known that vegetation can help restoring the environmental quality of dense urban areas ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Used for Simulating Biological Remodeling

S. Di Stefano [1], A. Grillo [1], M. Carfagna [1], M. Knodel [1],
[1] Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy

In this work, we present a mathematical model formulated to simulate the mechanical behavior of articular cartilage. Biological tissues of this kind can be modeled as fiber-reinforced porous media, filled with an interstitial fluid and exhibiting a process of remodeling [2]. With this term, we refer to a class of dissipative phenomena which occur to modify the internal structure of the tissue ...

Reactive Transport Modeling of CO2 in Carbonate Rocks: Single Pore Model

P. Agrawal [1], J. Koskamp [1], A. Raoof [1], M. Wolthers [1],
[1] Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Dissolution of calcite plays an important role in various processes such as enhanced oil and gas recovery, CO2 sequestration, and groundwater transport for the drinking water production. Dissolution rates predicted by pore scale and continuum scale models are often faster than the observed laboratory rates (Molins, 2014). This discrepancy suggests that the importance of pore scale ...

Virtual Modeling of Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Clothing

P. Van Ransbeeck [1], R. Benoot [1], B. Van Der Smissen [1]
[1] University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium

This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...