In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Optimal Installation Configuration of Thermoelectric Generators

Y. Kaymak [1], F. Mintus [1],
[1] VDEh-Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

This paper presents a multiphysics model to the convective, conductive and radiative heat transfer for the thermoelectric modules (TEMs), which are used to convert heat flux into electrical current. The model basically consists of heat transfer in solids, heat transfer in thin shells, surface-to-surface radiation and non-isothermal turbulent flow. The developed model has a good agreement with ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software: Simplifying Workflow and Promoting Innovations in Nuclear Engineering at ORNL

P. K. Jain [1], J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), COMSOL Multiphysics® software has become a preferred software for certain multiphysics applications in nuclear engineering. This presentation will highlight some of the ongoing activities in the following areas: (1) Highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU) conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), (2) New and improved safety ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...

MCA 动脉瘤血流动力学分析

刘孟杰 [1], 付芳芳 [2], 李萌 [1]
[1] 郑州大学,郑州,河南,中国
[2] 郑州大学附属省人民医院,郑州,河南,中国

动脉瘤破裂是引起蛛网膜下腔出血的一种主要原因。结合 COMSOL Multiphysics® 灵活的几何建模特性以及强大的流体仿真求解能力,本文分别对两组不同大小关系的 MCA 动脉瘤理论模型进行了仿真建模分析。通过模拟分析,获得了动脉瘤球囊体长度和宽度与动脉瘤基底宽度不同比例条件下的动脉瘤速度、压力、壁面切应力(WSS)等参数的变化规律,分析了几何形态与动力学参数之间的关系。模拟结果显示:1、宽颈动脉瘤,瘤体内部旋流强度较之窄颈动脉瘤更强,中心区流速更低,更有利于形成血栓而且顶点处压力更大,更易破裂。2、增大动脉瘤宽度与基底直径的比值,顶点处 WSS 呈非线性增长,但最大值低于 WSS 安全范围的下限值,破裂危险性依然很高;3、动脉瘤宽度与基底直径不同比例下的最大的 WSS 均是主要集中在动脉瘤与载瘤血管结合处(第一剪应力集中区),对血管壁生物组织力学特性影响严重;WSS ...

Underwater Flow Noise Simulation

S. H. Abadi [1], A. T. Lim [1],
[1] University of Washington, Bothell, WA, USA

Underwater acoustics is an area that studies the sound propagation in water and the interactions with other objects and water boundaries. There are many technologies available for acoustic exploration of the ocean. Underwater vehicles are robots used in ocean sciences that travel underwater autonomously and can tow a hydrophone as a mobile sensor to record sound. The turbulent flow induced by ...

Simulating Forced Convection in a Bingham Plastic Fluid

E. Tejaswini [1], B. Sreenivasulu [1], B. Srinivas [1],
[1]Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

In this work, the heat transfer characteristics of two heated cylinders of square cross-section immersed in a streaming Bingham plastic medium have been studied. The governing differential equations (continuity, momentum and thermal energy) have been solved numerically over wide range of conditions as: plastic Reynolds number, 0.1 ≤ Re ≤ 40, Prandtl number, 1 ≤ Pr ≤ 100, Bingham number, 0 ≤ Bn ≤ ...

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Depth-Averaged Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Transport

P. Kitanidis
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

In many groundwater studies, the areal extent of an aquifer is much larger than its thickness so that flow and transport take place primarily in horizontal directions. Thus, the most common type of modeling in practical applications is two-dimensional involving vertically averaged dependent variables, primarily hydraulic head and solute concentration. This is a tutorial on depth-averaged ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

Large Scale Outdoor Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion Modelling in Industrial Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]

[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...