Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads
M. Tincopa, A. Nardi, G. Roman-Ross , J. Molinero
Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...
EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France
The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, C. J. Walsh
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
The major steps in the beer making process are simple and with some skill, rather good brew can be produced using a common picnic cooler. First, grain (usually barley) is wetted and allowed to partially germinate before dried in a kiln (malting) Next, during mashing in a mash tun reactyor the malted grains are soaked in hot water in to extract the fermentable sugars and then rinsed slowly to ...
Alam, P., Toivakka, M.
Laboratory of Paper Coating and Converting, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
Multiphysics phenomena that occur when metering coating colours between paper and a composite polymeric-steel blade are simulated in this paper. The paper discusses modelling requirements for coating process technologies that have been fulfilled using the FEMLAB software, as well as requirements that still need to be modelled in order to accurately simulate the complex interdependent ...
Institut für Fahrzeugbau Wolfsburg, Fachhochschule Braunschweig/Wolfenbüttel
Die Finite Elemente Methode des Programmes FEMLAB wurde an zwei bekannten Beispielen der Stromungsmechanik und Warmeubertragung gepruft, um die Anwendungsmoglichkeiten in der Heizungs- und Klimatechnik aufzuzeigen. Modellfluid war jeweils trockene Luft im Umge-bungszustand. Der experimentelle Widerstandsbeiwert einer Kugel, der eine Funktion von der Reynolds-Zahl Re ist, wird bei vorgegebener ...
J.L.Wilson, and R. Dwivedi
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
Geothermally driven natural convection in enclosures is a ubiquitous process occurring in many physical environments such as caves, mines, etc. We have numerically simulated laminar and turbulent natural convection in isolated air-filled cavities, buried in a more conductive rock mass. We have modeled heat transfer using COMSOL's Convection and Conduction mode. To better understand the convective ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, A. Primavera, M. Pavlicevic
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche, Italy
DIPIC - Universita di Padova, Italy
A simulation of the behavior of bulk solids continuously flowing through a silo with internal flow feeders has been performed by means of a dissipative hydrodynamic model. The results obtained by these calculations and those found experimentally agree, not only with regard to the velocity profiles, but also relative to the pressure on the silo walls. The dissipative hydrodynamic model represents ...
B. Xu, M. Heydrich, S. Edmondson, A. Jahangir 
ShawCor Ltd., Toronto, ON, Canada
In oil and gas industries, electrical heaters are often used to control the internal pipe temperature. One important criterion for such test, is to maintain a uniform temperature range during the test. The objective of this study was to evaluate the heat transfer of one design of the internal electrical pipe heaters, by simulating both conduction and convection heat transfer around the heater ...
Simulation and Analysis of Two Fans Air Speed Match Design in Off-Road Mine Tract Generator Using COMSOL
Y. Shen, D. Wu
Beijing University of Science & Technology, Beijing, China
This paper describes a model of self-ventilated generator cooling on a 170 tons off-road mine dump truck. Considering the space restrictions of mine dump truck, the cooling systems for the generator and the in-wheel motors of the rear axle share one air inlet duct. With the action of generator fan and rear duct fan, cooling air from the inlet duct will be divided into two parts to cool the ...
S. Dalrymple, R. Heslop
C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom
Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...