B. Castro-Dominguez, R. Ma, A. G. Dixon, Y. H. Ma
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...
C. Tonry, M. Patel, C. Bailey, W. Davies, J. Harrap, E. Kentley, P. Mason
University of Greenwich, London, UK
The Cutty Sark, built in 1869 in Dumbarton, is the last intact composite tea clipper ship . One of the last tea clippers built she took part in the tea races back from China. These races caught the public imagination of the day and were widely reported in newspapers . They developed from a desire for ‘fresh’ tea and the first ship to return with the new season’s tea could charge a higher ...
G. V. B. Lukasievicz, N. G. C. Astrath, L. C. Malacarne, M. L. Baesso, S. E. Bialkowski
Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Toledo, PR, Brazil
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA
The radiation force effects on the surface displacement can be calculated by solving the Navier-Stokes equation with appropriated boundary conditions. The surface deformation can be described by the radiation pressure as well as those forces due to gravity and surface tension. We used the photomechanical mirror (PM) method to measure the time-evolution of the nanometer deformation generated on ...
O. Ecin, E. Engelien, M. Malek, R. Viga, B. Hosticka, and A. Grabmaier
Institut of Mikroelektronische Systeme, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Institut of Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungen, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This communication reports on a numeric fluid dynamics simulation on a pipe flow model. The basic background is to determine the velocity of a flowing fluid in a pipe by using the Thermal Time-Of-Flight (TTOF) method on water. The visualization of the temperature and velocity distribution in the pipe model is being carried out in order to enable proper design and optimization of the TTOF sensor. ...
Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
Sheer Wind Inc., Chaska, MN, USA
INVELOX is an innovative wind power generation system as shown in Figure 1. It is comprised of a wind capturing system that accelerates and delivers high kinetic energy wind to a power conversion system placed in the Venturi section of the INVELOX. The objective of this project is to build a full scale model to verify laboratory and field our test data and to utilize the validated model as an ...
S. Singer, W. H. Green
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...
徐佩锋 , 杨宁 ,
在 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中建立了平板膜组件模型，利用自由—多孔介质流和稀物质传递接口，通过对硅颗粒粒径和料液流速等操作参数及相互约束关系的设置，考察对渗透通量、膜表面处浓度等的影响，对硅颗粒悬浮液平板膜过滤中的浓差极化过程和膜组件的工作性能进行全面的仿真分析。并利用 COMSOL 中的函数、参数化扫描等后处理方式，实现了对仿真结果的可视化输出。仿真结果与实验数据较为一致 ...
Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology, Karlstad University, Kronoparken, Sweden
Water removal during paper manufacturing is an intensive energy process. The dewatering process generally consists of four stages in which the first three stages, water is removed mechanically through vacuum pulses and pressing.The fourth stage involve thermal drying. The vacuum dewatering process has been considered in this work. A laminar level-set method has been applied in order to capture ...
J. P. Mmbaga, F. Munoz, S. Dhir, R. Gupta, R. E. Hayes, M. Toledo
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso, Chile
Pyrolysis is a key step in the conversion of carbonaceous materials into useful products. In this study, we investigate the pyrolysis of asphaltene and oil shale, both experimentally and numerically. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the combined effects of fluid flow in porous media, mass transfer of species, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics. Gas evolution and the porosity ...