F. L. Durán Martínez , A. M. Billet , C. Julcour-Lebigue , F. Larachi ,
 Toulouse University, Toulouse, France
 Laval University, Quebec, Canada
In the present work, numerical simulations of a Monolith Reactor (MR) are carried out in order to develop a pre-design tool for industrial-scale reactors applied to highly exothermal reactions. The reacting circular channels (2-4 mm internal diameter) are coated with a few micron thick catalytic layer (washcoat), and host a gas-liquid segmented flow (the so-called Taylor flow) known to enhance ...
Control the Poly-Dispersed Droplet Breakup Mode in a Droplet-based Microfluidic Device by External Electric Field
Y. Li , K. Nandakumar , M. Jain ,
 Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Droplet–based microfluidics has received special research attentions in last two decades due to its superior control over fluid flow as well as other unique advantages. By introducing two immiscible fluids into microfluidic systems, the reagent fluid is encapsulated inside discrete droplets or slugs of nanoliter volume . Interestingly, two breakup modes, termed as “mono-dispersed” and ...
Z. Kaldy , O. Ayala ,
 Department of Engineering Technology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
Single-phase fluid flow was simulated passing through various three dimensional pipe elbows. The simulations varied by Reynolds number, curvature ratios, and sweep angles and were all conducted using the k-ε model available in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The intent of this research was to qualitatively assess the flow characteristics under several different conditions. Many similarities were ...
P. Goyal, A. Dutta, and A. K. Ghosh
 Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...
S. Sahu, R. P .Bhattachryay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA
In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...
C. Soares , N. Padoin , P. M. Aballay , O. A. Ortiz ,
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
 Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, Argentina
Wine quality is strongly dependent on the operation parameters of the production process. In batch or fed batch reactors, the rotating velocity should be carefully controlled to avoid cellular stress and ensure adequate mixing of the mixture. Moreover, precise control of substrates concentration evolution and cellular growth, as well as efficient heat transfer, allows the production of high ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
L. Van Lokeren , R. Verhelle , C. Block , P. Van Puyvelde , G. Van Assche 
 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
 Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Transformations in polymers, such as polymerisation, melting/crystallization, and phase separation/remixing, are associated with changes in both rheological and thermal properties. To permit simultaneous calorimetric and rheometric measurements, the RheoDSC was developed. The RheoDSC combines two commercial instruments, a TA Instruments Q2000 DSC and a TA Instruments AR-G2 dynamic rheometer. A ...
Numerical Analysis of the Thermal Resistance of a Multi-Layer Reflective Insulation Material Enclosed by Cavities under Varied Angles
R.S. Pelzers, A.W.M. van Schijndel
Former student Building Physics, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Chair Building Physics, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
A numerical analysis on the thermal performance of a sample, consisting of two cavities surrounding a Multi-Layer Reflective Insulation (MLRI) material, under various angles and for downward and upward heat flows was performed. The sample reached high thermal resistance values when placed (nearly) horizontal under an upward heat flux, while at different angles and heat flux directions the ...