CFD Analysis of Loss Of Vacuum Accident for Safety Application in Experimental Fusion Reactor Facility
C. Bellecci, P. Gaudio, I. Lupelli, A. Malizia, M.T. Porfiri, R. Quaranta, and M. Richetta
EURATOM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
ENEA Nuclear Fusion Tecnologies, Frascati, Roma, Italy
In an experimental nuclear fusion facility dust is generated both during normal machine operations and by macroscopic erosion of the plasma facing materials due to intense thermal loads. This dust can be mobilized by air ingress in case of LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) threaten safety of workers and public. A small facility, Small Tank for Aerosol Removal and Dust (STARDUST), was set up in order ...
D. Song, R. Gupta, and Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...
Modeling of Natural and Combined Natural-Marangoni Convection Flows in a Low Prandtl Number Material Filled in a Square Mold by using COMSOL
F. Mechighel1,2,3, M. El Ganaoui2, B. Pateyron2 and M. Kadja3
1Mechanical Engineering Department, Annaba University, Annaba, Algeria
2SPCTS Laboratory, Limoges University, Limoges, France
3Mechanical Engineering Department, Constantine University, Constantine, Algeria
In the present paper a problem with both natural and combined natural-Marangoni convection flow of materials (having small Prandtl numbers of 0.0128, 0.054 and 0.71, respectively) filled in an enclosure has been investigated by a numerical simulation using COMSOL. Solutions have been obtained for different values of the Rayleigh number. The generated flow under buoyancy and surface tension forces ...
Energy Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
The natural ventilation of buildings provides improvement of internal comfort and air quality conditions leading to a significant reduction of the consumption of cooling energy. In the present paper the air flow patterns, velocity and air temperature distributions inside a historical building in Palermo (Italy), at present used as a library, were investigated by a 3D transient simulation using ...
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
The Lévêque problem is an idealized simple situation concerning the influence of the boundary on the distribution of temperature or mass in Hagen-Poiseuille flow. Here, the performance of numerical solutions is examined for a range of Péclet numbers, spanning 11 orders of magnitude. We examine the Sherwood, resp. Nusselt numbers and confirm the cubic square rule for high flow ...
Inverse Estimation of the Flow Resistivity Tensor of Open-Cell Foams from Experimental Data and Darcy’s Flow Simulations
C. Van der Kelen, P. Göransson, and N-E.Hörlin
Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory for sound and vibration research, KTH Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden
The flow resistivity tensor, which is the inverse of the viscous permeability tensor, is one of the most important material properties for the acoustic performance of open cell foams, used in acoustic treatments. Due to the manufacturing processes, these foams are most often geometrically anisotropic. This paper discusses the estimation of the flow resistivity tensor using an improvement of a ...
H. van Halewijn
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
For the educational program of Fluid Dynamics at the Fontys Hogeshool of Applied Physics, a wind tunnel was developed for tests of flow profiles of objects, such as a ball, cube or plate. Students are expected to measure the air resistance of a variety of objects, and verify the measurements with the turbulent CFD module of COMSOL. The measurements and the COMSOL simulations match nicely, and ...
D. Rossi, P. Scotton
University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy
The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...
Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid
J. Park, N. Banerjee, M. Alfi, D. Feys
Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...
Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
The vertical axis wind turbine design depicted in (Fig.1) is widely considered a wind turbine of a wind power generation system because it can be easily miniaturized, it generates low noise, and it rotates regardless of wind direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has, however, low rotation performance when compared with that of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Therefore, we need to improve the ...