In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

3D Analysis of Cavitation in Control Valve by Pressure Variation - new

E. Luz[1], D. M. P. Cunha[2], V. H. C. Lemos[2]
[1]Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Belém, PA, Brasil; Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
[2]Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil

The phenomenon of cavitation can severely affect the working of valves used to control liquid flow. Cavitation occurs when the pressure is reduced and the water evaporates, forming bubbles. When bubbles pass into an area of higher pressure, they condense and collapse, releasing a large amount of energy able to removing the surface layers of the material. In this work, we model the effects of ...

A Model of Gas Bubble Growth by COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...

Simulation of Interstitial Nanoparticle Flow for Development of Tumor-On-A-Chip Device

J. Park [1], M. P. Vidal-Meza [1], R. Zhou [1], S. Barua [1], C. Wang [1],
[1] Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

A simulation was performed to investigate the flow behaviors of drug delivery nanoparticles in a tumor-on-a-chip microfluidic device, which mimics a tumor cell having endothelial cells with micro-sized gaps. The Navier-Stokes equation and the convection-diffusion equation were used to model the flow field and the time-dependent particle distribution in the device, respectively. We investigated ...

Acoustic Scattering through a Circular Orifice in Low Mach Number Flow

S. Sack [1], M. Abom [1]
[1] KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The acoustic scattering through a circular orifice plate in a duct with low Mach number flow (M=0.1) is computed using the Linearized Navier-Stokes physics interface of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The work by Kierkegaard et al. is extended to account for higher order acoustic modes, i.e., behind the cut-on frequency of the first radial duct mode. Orifice flows tend to create a sharp separation zone at ...

Studying Magnetohydrodynamic Effects in Liquid Metal Flow Under Transverse Magnetic Field Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Sahu[1], R. Bhattacharyay[1], E. Rajendrakumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, India

Liquid metals are foreseen as a multipurpose coolant in fusion blanket systems. However, the strongly magnetic environment of the fusion reactor hinders the regular flow of the liquid metal. It interacts with transverse magnetic field and produces a Lorentz force opposing the flow, modifying the regular flow profile in the circular pipe or rectangular ducts. Complex geometry and lack of ...

Investigation of Reverse ElectroDialysis Units by Multi-Physical Modelling

L. Gurreri [1], F. Santoro [1], G. Battaglia [1], A. Cipollina [1], A. Tamburini [1], G. Micale [1], M. Ciofalo [1],
[1] Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy

Salinity gradient represents an interesting renewable energy source. Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) is an ion exchange membrane-based process that convert directly the salinity gradient energy into electric current. Thereby, two solutions at different concentrations are fed into two series of alternated channels. As various physical phenomena occur in RED units and affect the process performance, ...

Comparison Between Turbulent and Laminar Bubbly-Flow for Modeling H2/H2O Separation

E. Amores Vera[1], J. Rodríguez Ruiz[1]
[1]Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain

One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...

Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new

E. Tóth[1], K. Iván[1], P. Fürjes[2]
[1]Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
[2]Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.

Keyhole Behavior During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere [1], C. Touvrey [2], P. Namy [1]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France

The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...

Modal Analysis of Elastic Ring Squeeze Film Damper for Small Gas Turbine Engines

S. Thennavarajan[1][2], P. Jeyaraj [1], L. P. Manikandan [2], S. S. Kulkarni [2], S. Jana [2],
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITK, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
[2]CSIR- National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengalore, Karnataka, India

The high speed gas turbine is a power plant developed for modern aircrafts. It is widely used and developed because it can meet the high power to weight ratio. The rotor system of modern small gas turbine works above the critical speeds. Hence, there is a stricter requirement for the control and isolation of vibration magnitude under heavy unbalance load and passing through critical speeds. An ...