In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

Development of a User Interface for Design of SO2 Oxidation Fixed-Bed Reactors

A. Nagaraj [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...

Numerical Modeling of Pit Growth in Microstructure

S. Qidwai[1], N. Kota[2], V. DeGiorgi[1]
[1]Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
[2]Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA

Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Growth - new

K. M. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[1]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising effective method for synthesis of graphene films. CVD graphene film is obtained from hydrocarbon species such as CH4 through complex catalytic chemical reactions on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, studying the catalytic reaction kinetics is essential process for understanding the thermal decomposition rate of methane on catalyst surface as ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Diffusion and Reaction in Fe-Based Catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Using Micro Kinetic Rate Expressions - new

A. Nanduri[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, often known as syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column Reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes. The scale-up of MTFBR is complicated by the ...

Computational Optimization of Battery Grid for Efficiency and Performance Improvement

V. Panneerselvam [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1]
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, India

Battery grids are critical system used in automobile, renewable energy, medical devices and mobile phones. Research efforts are directed to increase energy density, longevity and reduce the cost. This paper is related to computational optimisation of lead acid battery for efficiency and performance improvement. Battery grid is the precursor for the active material and current distribution in ...

Modeling Heat and Moisture Transport During Hydration of Cement-Based Materials in Semi-Adiabatic Conditions - new

E. Hernandez-Bautista[1,2], D. Bentz[1], S. Sandoval-Torres[2], P. Cano-Barrita[2]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
[2]Instituto Politécnico Nacional/CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Oaxaca, México

The process of accelerated curing of pre-cast concrete has a significant importance in the thermal behavior of concrete. A multiphysics model that describes hydration and heat and mass transport in cement based materials was developed. The hydration reactions are described by a maturity function that uses the equivalent time concept, thereby describing the change in the degree of hydration based ...

An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...