In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...

Combining Multiphysics Modeling and Solution Thermodynamics Using M4Dlib, an External Library

T. Marin-Alvarado [1],
[1] M4Dynamics, Toronto, ON, Canada

An external library, M4Dlib [1], has been developed to solve multiphysics problems coupled to solution thermodynamics. This approach extends the local equilibrium concept[2] to multiphysics modeling by incorporating a full Gibbs energy minimization routine at each numerical node to calculate the equilibrium based on global temperature, enthalpy or concentration conditions (Figure 1). The ...

Modeling of Hydrogel-Based Controlled Drug Delivery System for Breast Cancer Treatment - new

K. Cluff[1], L. Saeednia[2], H. Mehraein [1], R. Asmatulu[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Polymeric hydrogel is a promising class of drug delivery systems with the controlled release behavior in the body. In-situ forming hydrogels can be injected into the body as a fluid which forms a gel within the body tissue and improve the efficacy of the drugs. Various polymers have been used as in-situ hydrogel formulations. These polymeric formulations can form gels at body temperature while ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Modeling of Non-isothermal Reacting Flow in Fluidized Bed Reactors

V. Orava [1], O. Souček [2], P. Cendula [1]
[1] Institute of Computational Physics, ZHAW, Winterthur, Switzerland
[2] Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

We investigate a prototype concept of a back-up electricity device where we use liquid formic acid (FA) to produce a mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) which is used in a PEM fuel cell, Fig. 1. In the fluidized bed reactor the liquid FA is decomposed to a gaseous mixture of CO2 and H2 in the presence of microscopic floating solid catalytic particles. We describe the system, ...

Turbulent Premixed Combustion with FGM in COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Bastiaans[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating ...

Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic condensation polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, the latter of which is often called syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes [1]. To ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Catalytic Oxidation of Propane

S. Odiba[1], M. Olea[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...