In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Virtual Modeling of Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Clothing

P. Van Ransbeeck [1], R. Benoot [1], B. Van Der Smissen [1]
[1] University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium

This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...

Pseudo-3D Multiphysics Simulation of a Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Reactor

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], P. Plänitz[2], A. Schubert[1][3]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
[3]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany

Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new

D. Götz[1], M. Kuhn[1], P. Claus[1]
[1]Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin and Kul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...

Modelling of Reactive Non-Isothermal Mixture Flow and its Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

V. Orava[1,2], O. Soucek[1], P. Cedula[2]
[1]Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland

I introduce a model of fluidized reactor which, in presence of heterogeneous platinum-based catalyst, decomposes liquid formic acid producing gaseous mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen as the product. I treat the physical system as a (Class II) mixture of four constituents - namely formic acid (FA), Platinum micro-pellets (Pt), carbon dioxide (CO_2) and hydrogen (H_2) - which can be, without ...

Study of Electrochemically Generated Two-Phase Flows

J. Schillings [1], O. Doche [2], J. Deseure [1],
[1] LEPMI, Grenoble, France
[2] SIMAP, Grenoble, France

The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...

Multiphysics Simulations of Granular Sludge on the Optimization of Effluent Treatment Plant

S. Gunsekaran [1], R. C. Thiagarajan[1]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...

Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[2], H. Sakanakura[2], M. Yamada[2], M. Osako[2]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
[2]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...

Model Development and Implementation of a Membrane Shift Reactor

J. Völler[1], M. Follmann[1], C. Bayer[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...