H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...
F. J. Navarro-Brull , P. Poveda , J. Ramis , R. Gómez ,
 Departament de Química Física, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
 Departament de Física, Enginyeria de Sistemes i Teoria del Senyal, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Possible drawbacks of microreactors are inefficient reactant mixing due to the predominance of laminar flow and clogging (when solid-forming reactions are performed or solid catalyst suspensions are used). Ultrasound has been successfully implemented not only to prevent these problems but also for its well-known mixing and particle-dispersion effects. Several configurations have been used for ...
K.O. Lund, C.M. Lord
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA
Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...
M. Weber, M. Reed
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
Arrays of vertical pillars, Micro Purification Chips, have been widely used for analyte capture from liquid samples [Henderson et. al, 2006], [Toner et. al, 2007], [Stern et. al, 2010]. However exact understanding of the capture efficiency mechanisms has not been previously explained. Here we present a model in COMSOL Multiphysics® which calculates analyte capture efficiency based on initial ...
D. Papasidero, F. Manenti
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy
One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...
A. Nardi, E. Abarca, F. Grandia, J. Molinero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...
C. Gomez , R. F. Coker , J. Knox , G. Schunk 
 NASA MSFC, Huntsville, AL, USA
The primary interest of the VC (Vacuum Characterization) test is to experimentally characterize the adsorption and vacuum desorption of CO2 and water vapor of a pelletized sorbent bed in a large diameter column. The VC test article is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The aluminum canister is 3” in diameter and approximately 8” long allowing for variable sorbent bed loads from 1” to 6” in length. A ...
Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions
C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton, T. Adams, E. Podgornov, and F. Zaera
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...
Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new
D. Götz, M. Kuhn, P. Claus
Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany
Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin andKul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...