In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Analysis to Determine Optimum Strain Gauge Locations for SENSEWHEEL - new

T. Suzuki[1], C. Holloway[1], S. Taylor[1]
[1]University College London, London, UK

Manual wheelchair users suffer shoulder pain and injury in the long term because of unconscious overuse. The ‘SENSEWHEEL’, which interposes three identical load cells between pushrim and rear wheel, measures the three components of pushing force Fx, Fy and Fz, and axial torque Tx applied at each load cell. Strain gauges were located on a diaphragm forming one face of the load cell. The ...

Design and Strain Analysis of Artificial Femoral Head and Stem

N. M. Sundaram[1], M. Sneha[1], A. Kandaswamy[1], R. Nithya[2]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]Dr. N.G.P. Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

The majority of elderly patients are subjected to hip bone replacement due to dislocation of bone, mechanical failure and infection. The life time of the implant varies from patient to patient depending on their daily physical activity. Once the implant fails, re-operation of hip bone replacement is performed. In United States, there are approximately 18 revision hip replacements performed for ...

Advancing Regulatory Science through Integrative Engineering with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Modeling

G. Zhang [1]
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces significant challenges in its regulatory approval processes due to a lack of relevant science, and many practices are limited by laws enacted in the previous century [1]. Therefore, in recent years, the FDA has identified the need for advancements in regulatory science and innovation. In a broader sense, advancing regulatory science is not just ...

Computational Design and Optimization of Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffold Topology

N. P. Uth [1], J. Mueller [2], B. Smucker [3], A. Yousefi [1],
[1] Department of Chemical, Paper, and Biomedical Engineering, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
[2] Research Computing Support, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
[3] Department of Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA

Introduction: Bone tissue has a limited ability for regeneration; critically sized defects cannot self-heal and require medical intervention. Bone tissue engineering (TE) circumvents this issue by growing replacement bone tissue from the patient’s own cells inside scaffolds. TE scaffolds are porous constructs that act as a support structure during bone regeneration and helps cells attach and ...

Muscle-Electrode Interface Simulation

A. Altamirano, C. Toledo, A. Vera, R. Muñoz, and L. Leija
Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados
Instituto Politecnico Nacional
Mexico

In this article, the aim is to study different types and forms of electromyography (EMG) electrodes, for bipolar configuration, and the electric interface with muscle phantom. COMSOL Multiphysics allows modeling shapes and contact surfaces. Surface and needle electrodes will be modeled. A number of different trials and combinations will be presented; exploring different geometric shapes and ...

Simulating Corrosion in a Crevice of Commercial Pure Titanium

G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
[3] Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...

Aplicação de Elementos Finitos na Ortodontia

T. O. Bassani [1], T. Bassani [2], A. Andriguetto [1], F. Schneider [2],
[1] Instituto Latino Americano de Pesquisa e Ensino Odontológico - ILAPEO, Curitiba, PR, Brasil
[2] Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná – UTFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil

O presente estudo visou a avaliação, por meio do método dos elementos finitos, das tensões geradas em um arco ortodôntico chamado de Arco de Retração Dupla Chave, também conhecido como DKL. Para isso foram modeladas as geometrias do arco DKL, dos bráquets e das coroas dentais, no software COMSOL Multiphysics®. O modelo criado tem como objetivo a substituição dos métodos tradicionais de ...

Modeling Interface Response in Cellular Adhesion

G. Megali[1], D. Pellicanò[1], M. Cacciola[1], F. Calarco[1], D. De Carlo[1], F. Laganà[1], and F.C. Morabito[1]

[1]DIMET Department, Faculty of Engineering, University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

Constitutive properties of living cells are able to withstand physiological environment as well as mechanical stimuli occurring within and outside the body. We examined fluid flow and Neo-Hookean deformation related to the rolling effect. A mechanical model to describe the cellular adhesion with detachment is here proposed. We developed a finite element analysis, simulating blood cells attached ...

Passive and Active Deformation Processes of 3D Fibre-Reinforced Caricatures of Cardiovascular Tissues

A. Di Carlo[1], P. Nardinocchi[2], T. Svaton[3], and L. Teresi[1]

[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Dept. of Structural & Geotechnical Engineering, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[3]Dept. of Mathematics, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic

In this paper, we present a mathematical model of contractile elastic solids meant to simulate various districts of the cardiovascular system, and based on the concepts of active deformation and embedded muscle fibres. Specifically, here we deal with the modeling of the gross mechanics of the Left Ventricle (LV) which is strictly related to its pump function. As is well known, the effectiveness ...

Lowering of the Interstitial Fluid Pressure as a Result of Tissue Compliance Changes during High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Exposure: Insights from a Numerical Model

E. Sassaroli[1], B. O'Neill [1]
[1]The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA

Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in tumors. Owing to this elevated IFP, the interstitial fluid velocity (IFV) is negligible throughout the tumor but significant near the tumor margin. Any therapeutic strategy that can lower IFP will improve drug convection within the tumor and decrease convection of drugs from the tumor margin. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been shown ...