A Study on Nutrient Mass Transport through Porous Channeled Flat Sheet Membrane and Prediction of Maximum Scaffold Thickness for Viable Cell Culture (In-vitro) by 3D Modeling for Tissue Engineering Application
N. M. S. Bettahalli, B. J. Papenburg , D. S. Stamatialis , M. Wessling 
University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands & BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
RWTH Aachen University
Tissue engineering (TE) is a multidisciplinary field involving principles of engineering and life sciences to improve the health and quality of life by repairing, restoring, maintaining, or enhancing tissue and organ function using cells, scaffolds, and growth factors alone or in combination. There are several artificial tissues that are already being used which include fabricated skin, ...
Numerical Prediction of Particle Dynamics Within a Cytometer. Application to Counting and Sizing by Impendance Measurement
HORIBA Medical, Montpellier, France
This paper describes how to numerically tackle the problem of counting and sizing particles by impedance measurement in an orifice–electrode system. The model simulate the particle dynamics submitted to strong hydrodynamic stresses through a microorifice and compute the voltage pulses generated by the modification of the inner dielectric medium. This FSI problem is solved on a moving mesh by ...
Priyadarshini Natarajan , Rajkumar ElagiriRamalingam
Division of Biomedical Engineering, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Tamil Nadu, India
Intracerebral hemorrhage is a condition where a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and causes internal bleeding leading to hemorrhagic stroke. 800 in every 100,000 people suffer from stroke each year and it's one of the major causes of mortality worldwide. Diagnosis involves Neurological examination with MRI/CT scans which is costly and time consuming. Microwave Tomography (MWT) is proposed as a ...
R. Penjweini , T. C. Zhu , M. M. Kim ,
 Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Photofrin-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) is used after surgical resection at the University of Pennsylvania to treat the microscopic disease for malignant pleural mesothelioma and to increase survival rate. When Photofrin is exposed to laser light at 630 nm in well-oxygenated tissue, it produces reacted singlet oxygen ([1O2]rx) that kills cancer cells. As [1O2]rx is imperative to PDT ...
Simulation of Chemotractant Gradients in Microfluidic Channels to Study Cell Migration Mechanism in Silico
P. Wallin, E. Bernson, J. Gold
Chalmers University of Technology, Applied Physics, Biological Physics, Gothenburg, Sweden
Cell migration of endothelial cells along gradients is an important process in vivo and an interesting target for cancer therapeutics. Microfluidics offer very powerful tools to study such migration processes in detail in the lab. In this study, we describe a model to simulate molecular gradients in a diffusion based microfluidic gradient generator and how a cell senses these gradients via cell ...
李娜 , 李江红 
研究头部损伤机理是对运动撞击中脑损伤进行预测的有效手段。数学模型是分析损伤实验数据、预测人员碰撞损伤程度的唯一方法，但现有的头部损伤有限元模型基于尸体实验数据，且忽略脑组织结构的各向异性。本项目旨在提出并实现一种以损伤生物力学为基础、结合磁共振扫描 DTI 的轴突走向信息的有限元力学模型。提取脑外伤前的弥散张量成像信息，实现深入到轴突水平有限元力学模型的建立，在有限元模拟中采用非线性超弹性力学模型，并植入 NSGAII 最优化方法对有限元模型的材料参数进行优化，从而提高模型的稳定性和计算精度；将计算预测结果与损伤后 DTI 的 FA 值所表现的轴突断裂情况进行验证， 探索活体环境下碰撞损伤中脑轴突的损伤性变化，从而获得脑外伤损伤程度与力学因素之间的关系，为脑外伤损伤程度的预测和脑外伤损伤标准的校正提供精确完整的信息。本项目的研究成果将在汽车碰撞的乘员防护设计上有重要的理论指导价值。 ...
K. Gandhi ,
 University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
The delivery of chemotherapy for cancer into the central nervous system, in particular the brain, remains a challenge. This results in brain metastases commonly being a cause of death from cancer. Here, we look at the environment of the blood-brain barrier. Then, we explore two proteins (breast cancer resistance protein and p-glycoprotein) that may inhibit the transport of medications (erlotinib ...
J.L. Smart, and M. Kaliszan
University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...
A Multiscale-Multiphysics Model for Axon Pathfinding Simulation, the Example of the Olfactory System
G. Naldi, G. Aletti, P. Causin
Dipartimento di Matematica ‘F. Enriques’, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
In the developing embryo, neurons form connections by projecting axons to appropriate target areas. The projection process includes neurite elongation, resulting from the assembly of new cytoskeletal material at the free end of the axon, a complex cascade of steering decisions, driven by biomechanical properties of the surrounding environment and by signals in it. In this work we focus on the ...
A. González-Suárez, M. Trujillo, J. Koruth, A. D'Avila, E. Berjano
Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering Department,Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Helmsley Cardiac Electrophysiology Center, Mt SinaiMedicalCenter and School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Previous studies proposed using bipolar radiofrequency ablation across two catheters placed on opposing surfaces of the ventricular wall to create transmural lesions. 2D and 3D models were built and solved with COMSOL Multiphysics software. With these models, it was possible to study the temperature distribution and lesion geometry (Figure), to compare the potential of two ways of applying ...