D. Mizuno, Y. Shi, and R. Kelly
University of Virginia
Aluminum alloys 5000 series are widely used within the cabins of ships. These aluminum alloys are often joined via steel bolts. There is thus a concern that galvanic interactions will exacerbate corrosion of the aluminum alloys. In this study, a model of the galvanic corrosion between aluminum alloy AA5083 and steel under atmospheric conditions was built. The Nernst-Plank equation and the ...
R. M. Azoor , R. N. Deo , N. Birbilis , J. K. Kodikara ,
 Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia
 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia
A finite element model for underground corrosion is presented. The model is capable of predicting regions experiencing high levels of corrosion due to differential aeration and helps identify "corrosion hotspots" where physical examination of the buried asset is not feasible. Verification of the model is done through experimental results and empirical relationships on underground corrosion ...
Dependence of the Current Density Distribution with Flow Channel Geometry in a Half-Cell Model - new
O. Beruski, J. Perez
Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
The present work demonstrates that a simple half-cell model is capable of reproducing qualitatively the main features of the measurements of the current density distribution in a high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell, pointing that computational modeling and simulation are an important tool in the development of such devices. Our main interests with such a model is to optimize working ...
朱国利 , 李亚东 , 李焰 ,
管道输送是油气能源长距离输送的重要途径。目前管道连接多采用焊接完成，焊接是一个复杂的非平衡物理化学过程，焊接接头各组成部分的成分、组织和性能都存在差异，同时还容易产生裂纹、气孔、夹杂和未熔合等焊接缺陷和较大的残余应力，使得焊接接头成为管道工程中的薄弱环节。在服役介质中，焊接接头存在宏观腐蚀电池与微观腐蚀电池耦合的多相电化学反应而引起局部腐蚀，可能导致整个构件失效，引发严重的安全事故，造成重大的经济损失甚至人身伤亡。利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 多物理场仿真软件的腐蚀模块和二次电流分布接口对 X80 钢焊接接头在 CO2 饱和的 NACE 溶液中的电流密度及电位分布进行了仿真，并利用参数化扫描功能，模拟了焊缝与母材不同比例条件下的腐蚀行为。（图1）、（图2）、（图3）和（图4）分别为焊缝：母材=1:3和1:8条件下焊接接头在 NACE 溶液中的电流密度和电位分布 ...
C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...
A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Chen, X. Huang, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical conversion devices that utilize ceramics as their electrolyte material for oxygen conduction. Compared to other types of fuel cells, they operate at relatively high temperatures, typically 400°C to 1000°C, and have an electrical efficiency over 50% and combined heat and power efficiency over 80%. One way to improve cell performance is to use ...
R. Pushpangadan, A. Soman, Arundas R., N. G. Thoppan, S. P. Duttagupta
Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India
PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
M. Qin, and H. Bau
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...
Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research
Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...