D. Gonzalez, J. Gardner, and O. Tigli
Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL,
Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL
Nanoparticles are being extensively researched as a noninvasive method for selectively targeting and killing cancer cells. In this study, we model the thermal activation of gold nanospheres and nanorods in a fluidic environment to determine the thermal response of the surrounding medium.
P. Barthelemy, and
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...
The Transient Modeling of Single-Bubble Nucleate Boiling in a Sub-Cooled Liquid Using an ALE Moving Mesh
C. J. Forster, and M. K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology
This paper investigates the evolution of a single bubble going through growth, pinch-off, and condensation while rising due to buoyancy forces in a sub-cooled liquid. Phase change is modeled on the evolving liquid-vapor interface by considering changes in enthalpy and heat fluxes at the interface. A comparison of the ALE model is made with the same single-bubble system computed with a level ...
A. Roday, and P. Nicosia
Garlock Sealing Technologies
Sintering is an important step in the manufacturing of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) billets. The challenge in heating large billets stems from the inherent low thermal conductivity of PTFE. Existing literature suggests determining maximum heating rate experimentally using recommended guidelines. This paper uses COMSOL to aid in optimizing the temperature profile required for a particular ...
L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.
M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...
Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation
B. Sponagle, M. Amadu, D. Groulx, and M. Pegg
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
A study of an atmospheric pressure direct current microplasma discharge in He/N2 is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The calculation of heat transfer is fully coupled with the plasma simulation so as to resolve the gas heating in discharges. A simple circuit model is used to decide the discharge voltage so that the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are obtained. The I-V ...
A. Pandey, and N. Litchinitser
The State University of New York at Buffalo
Transition metamaterials constitute a new class of engineered materials which have material properties tailored in such a manner that the refractive index gradually changes from positive to negative. An important question is what happens at the interface of a positive and negative index material. In this work, we design anisotropic transition materials using metal-dielectric layers and study ...