J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...
E. Abdel-Rahman, M. Pallapa, M.A.S. Aly, L. Wong, A.I.H. Chen, K.W. Wong, and J.T. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
Micro-power generators (MPGs) harvest and store small amounts of ambient energy. The motivation of this paper is to compare the MPG modeling and simulation results obtained from COMSOL Multiphysics® with those obtained using three other approaches: CoventorWare®, ANSYS® and lumped element analysis. The MPG is composed of two identical micro-cantilever beams made of a piezoelectric ...
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...
F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...
P. Mahanti, M. Keebaugh, N. Weiss, P. Jones, M.A. Hayes, and T. Taylor
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Particle velocimetry using image analysis is an effective non-intrusive method used for fluid velocity field estimation in micro-channels. We use COMSOL with MATLAB to generate velocity fields for micro-channel designs and then calculate changes in particle position for given imaging parameters. This is used to simulate images which can then be used to verify an algorithm\'s performance before ...
Conestoga College, Kitchener, ON, Canada
The main purpose of this paper is to develop a proof of concept software that can simulate the geometry of engraved surfaces and can estimate the depth and width of engraved groove and associated laser parameters. For this purpose, COMSOL has been used to simulate the moving laser beam as a source of heat over physical domain made of different materials. Through interaction modeling of ...
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...
P. Seshaiyer, K. Nong, S. Garcia, E. Aulisa, and E. Swim
George Mason University, Farifax, VA, USA
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA
Efficient modeling and computation of the nonlinear interaction of fluid with a solid undergoing nonlinear deformation has remained a challenging problem in computational science and engineering. Direct numerical simulation of the non-linear equations, governing even the most simplified fluid-structure interaction model depends on the convergence of iterative solvers which in turn relies heavily ...
S. Kumar, and M. Raju
General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA
Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...