FE Modeling of Surfaces with Realistic 3D Roughness: Roughness Effects in Optics of Plasmonic Nanoantennas
J. Borneman, A. Kildishev, K. Chen, and V. Drachev
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics has been widely used to model the near and far-field electromagnetics (specifically, transmission and reflection spectra) of gold and silver nanoantenna arrays. We use a moving 3D mesh, thus preserving the DOF number and simply morphing the structure of the mesh to accommodate the moving boundary. The electromagnetics model consist of four multiphysics models, two ...
Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA
We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we ...
R. Rieck, A. Bénard, and C. Petty
Michigan State University, Michigan, USA
Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...
Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...
P. Zheng[1,4], D.W. Greve[2,4], and I.J. Oppenheim[3,4]
Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Surface acoustic wave gas sensors use a chemically sensitive resistive layer to detect gas concentration. The resistivity of the sensing material, the sensing layer thickness, and the spacer layer thickness all affect the surface wave propagation velocity. Existing analytic theory relates the change in velocity to various parameters. However some variables in this theory are not ...
T.A. Jankowski, D.P. Johnson, J.D. Jurney, J.E. Freer, L.M. Dougherty, and S.A. Stout
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
The induction heating coils used in the plutonium casting furnaces at the Los Alamos National Laboratory are studied here. A cylindrical graphite test article has been built, instrumented with thermocouples, and heated in the induction coil that is normally used to preheat the molds during casting operations. The experiments have been modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics and the numerical and ...
O. Meneghini, and S. Shiraiwa
Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
COMSOL has been used to model the propagation of electromagnetic waves in fusion plasmas. For the first time, a finite element method has been used to solve the wave propagation for realistic fusion plasma parameters in the lower hybrid and ion cyclotron frequency ranges. Moreover, for lower hybrid waves, a new efficient iterative algorithm has been developed to take into account the dispersive ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...
U. Veeramachaneni, and R.L. Carroll
Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Superparamagnetic micro beads offer some attractive applications in biological and biomedical fields. Some of the important applications include manipulation and separation of cells, isolation of specific cells, active drug delivery, magnetic cell separation, separation of proteins, and application of mechanical forces to cells, etc. A COMSOL Multiphysics model is developed in 2D ...
Study of Fluid and Mass Adsorption Model in the QCM-D Sensor for Characterization of Biomolecular Interaction
H.J. Kwon, C.K. Bradfield, B.T. Dodge, and G.S. Agoki
Department of Engineering and Computer Science, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA
Increasing attention has been paid to application of the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) sensor for monitoring biomolecular interactions. This paper focuses on a practical application of protein-protein binding affinity measurement at low concentrations and minimal sample sizes (50-200 μl of 20-200 nM), which results in low signal measurement. A model simulating fluid ...