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Simulation of an Electromagnetic Sounding Method for Oil Prospecting

The marine controlled source electromagnetics method (CSEM) for oil prospecting has emerged as a promising technique during recent years. This model demonstrates one variant of it. It uses a mobile horizontal 1 Hz electric dipole antenna that is towed 150 m above the sea floor. An array of sea floor receivers measure the electric field at various distances away from the antenna. When measuring ...

Fast Numerical Modeling of a Conical Horn Lens Antenna

An axisymmetric 3D structure such as a conical horn antenna can be simulated in a fast and efficient way using only its 2D layout. In this model, the antenna radiation and matching characteristics are computed very quickly with respect to the dominant TE mode from the given circular waveguide by simulating the 2D axisymmetric geometry of an 3D antenna structure.

Cascaded Rectangular Cavity Filter

A cascaded cavity filter provides much better bandpass filter performance compared to a single cavity. Out-of-band rejection improves dramatically using a cascaded design. This model uses three rectangular cavity filters coupled via slots. The calculated S-parameters show excellent out-of-band rejection.

Circular Waveguide Filter

A circular waveguide filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. Six annular rings added to the waveguide form circular cavities connected in series, and each cavity cutoff frequency is close to the center frequency of the filter. The simulated S-parameters show a bandpass frequency response.

Evanescent Mode Cylindrical Cavity Filter

An evanescent-mode cavity filter is resonant at a frequency lower than its original fundamental mode frequency. Evanescent mode resonance can be realized by creating a discontinuity or reactance inside the cavity. The basic model was modified by the addition of a metal box at either end representing a housing. Inside a dielectric substrate and a microstrip line coupled into the cavity. The ...

Coupled-Line Bandpass Filter

It is possible to realize a narrowband bandpass filter using cascaded microstrip coupled lines. In this example, a design composed of cascaded microstrip lines, each approximately a half wave length in size at the resonant frequency, is analyzed. The model is solved for the S-parameters and a very narrow bandwidth is observed.

Designing a Waveguide Diplexer for the 5G Mobile Network

A diplexer is a device that combines or splits signals into two different frequency bands, widely used in mobile communication systems. This model simulates splitting properties using a simplified 2D geometry. The computed S-parameters and electric fields at the lower and upper bands will show the diplexer characteristics in the Ka-band.

Thermal Drift in a Microwave Cavity Filter

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

Signal Integrity (SI) and Time-Domain Reflectometry (TDR) Analysis of Adjacent Microstrip Lines

A signal integrity (SI) analysis gives an overview of the quality of an electrical signal transmitted through electrical circuits, such as high-speed interconnects, cables, and printed circuit boards. The quality of the received signal can be distorted by noise from outside the circuit, and can be degraded by impedance mismatch, insertion loss, and crosstalk. For this reason, EMC/EMI analyses ...

Quarter-Wave Transformer

Transmission lines are used when the frequency of the electromagnetic signals is so high that the wave nature of the signals must be taken into account. A consequence of the wave nature is that the signals are reflected if there are abrupt changes of the characteristic impedance along the transmission line. Similarly, the load impedance, Z(L), at the end of the transmission line must match its ...