Application Gallery

La Galleria dei Modelli raccoglie un'ampia varietà di modelli realizzati con COMSOL Multiphysics in diversi ambiti applicativi, inclusi quelli elettrico, meccanico, fluidico e chimico. E' possibile scaricare i file .mph dei modelli pronti all'uso e le istruzioni step-by-step per costruirli, e utilizzarli come punto di partenza per le proprie simulazioni. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida permette di trovare i modelli che si riferiscono alla propria area di interesse. Per scaricare i file .mph dei modelli è necessario effettuare il login o creare un account COMSOL Access associato a un numero di licenza valido.

NOx Reduction in a Monolithic Reactor

This suite of examples illustrate the modeling of selective NO reduction, that occurs as flue gases pass through the channels of a monolithic reactor in the exhaust system of a motored vehicle. The simulations are aimed at finding the optimal dosing of NH3, the reactant that serves as reducing agent in the process. Three different analyses are performed: Kinetic analysis: The example takes a ...

Packed Bed Reactor

One of the most common reactors in the chemical industry, for use in heterogeneous catalytic processes, is the packed bed reactor. This type of reactor is used both in synthesis as well as in effluent treatment and catalytic combustion. The reactor consists in essence of a container filled with catalyst particles. These particles can be contained within a supporting structure, like tubes or ...

A Multiscale 3D Packed Bed Reactor

One of the most common reactors in the chemical industry, for use in heterogeneous catalytic processes, is the packed bed reactor. This type of reactor is used both in synthesis as well as in effluent treatment and catalytic combustion. This model is set up to calculate the concentration distribution in the reactor gas that flows around the pellets, but it also uses an **extra dimension** that ...

Porous Reactor with Injection Needle

This model treats the flow field and species distribution in an experimental reactor for studies of heterogeneous catalysis. The model exemplifies the coupling of free and porous media flow in fixed bed reactors. The reactor consists of a tubular structure with an injection tube that has its main axis perpendicular to the axis of the reactor. The incoming species in the main and injection ...

Surface Reactions in a Biosensor

A flow cell in a biosensor contains an array of micropillars. The curved side of the pillars are coated with an active material that allows for the selective adsorption of analyte species in the sample stream. The adsorbed species produce a signal that is dependent upon the local concentration at the pillar surfaces. This example investigates the surface concentration distribution in the cell ...

Nonisothermal Plug Flow Reactor

This example considers the thermal cracking of acetone, which is a key step in the production of acetic anhydride. The gas phase reaction takes place under nonisothermal conditions in a plug-flow reactor. As the cracking chemistry is endothermic, control over the temperature in the reactor is essential in order to achieve reasonable conversion. When the reactor is run under adiabatic conditions, ...

Carbon Deposition in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Carbon deposition onto the surface of solid catalysts is commonly observed in hydrocarbon processing. Carbon deposits can affect both the activity of catalysts as well as the flow of gas through a catalyst bed. This example investigates the thermal decomposition of methane into hydrogen and solid carbon. In a first model the isothermal process occurring in an ideal reactor, simulated in with ...

Separation Through Dialysis

Dialysis is frequently used membrane separation process. An important application is hemodialysis, where membranes are used as artificial kidneys for people suffering from renal failure. Other applications include the recovery of caustic colloidal hemicellulose during viscose manufacturing, and the removal of alcohol from beer. In the dialysis process, specific components are preferentially ...

Steam Reformer

In fuel cell power generators, a steam reformer unit typically produces the hydrogen needed for the cell stack. This example illustrates the modeling of a steam reformer. The reformation chemistry occurs in a porous catalytic bed where energy is supplied through heating tubes to drive the endothermal reaction system. The reactor is enclosed in an insulating jacket. The tightly coupled ...

Ibuprofen Synthesis

Kinetic analysis of catalytic reactions is essential for understanding rate behavior as well as the reaction mechanism. Developing knowledge of intrinsic reaction kinetics and of rate equations is central to reaction engineering studies aimed at improving reactor design. This model illustrates the reaction kinetics of a complex chemistry occurring in a perfectly stirred tank reactor. The ...

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