S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...
M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb, and F. Schönfeld
Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...
I. Borsi and A. Fasano
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
In this paper we present a model to describe the process of waste water filtration based on hollow-fibre membrane filters. In particular, we deal with membranes whose pores diameter is in the range 0.01-0.1 µm. The main problem in these filtering systems is the membrane fouling. The mathematical model consists in two equations for the Darcy's flow through the filter, coupled with an ...
J. Podichetty Thribhuvan, S.V. Madihally
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
Utilization of bioreactors to regenerate tissues outside the body has been intensely investigated in functional tissue engineering. Various studies have been performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to understand fluid flow within bioreactors while assuming porous scaffold as a rigid structure. However, the physical and mechanical properties of most tissue engineering scaffolds suggest ...
H.K. Yang, S.C. Tseng
Institute of Mechanical Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science Technology, Taiwan
In order to perform rust surface treatment for stainless wires, we proposed an electrolyzing equipment to do so. It has the following advantages: safer, cheaper and less environmental pollution. To study the performance of the electrolyzing process, numerical simulation for electric fields will be conducted by using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Taguchi methods was also used to obtain better ...
N. Ghasem , M. Al-Marzouqi ,
 UAE University, Al-Ain, UAE
 UAE University, Al-Ain, UAE
Greenhouse gases trap heat and make the planet warmer. The main greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are: Carbon dioxide (CO2). The use of fossil fuel is the primary source of CO2 [1, 2]. Accordingly, there is a need for an efficient and novel separation processes for removal of carbon dioxide from gas streams [3, 4]. Here, a flat sheet membrane contactor is used to remove carbon ...
G. Samdani, S. Mahajani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam, R. K. Sapru, D. K. Mathur
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad
The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...
万通 , 雍兴跃 , 肖宁 ,
研究结果表明，海水中钢结构设备的腐蚀问题触目惊心，通常会造成设备损坏、性能降低。由此可见，控制腐蚀是一项十分重要的任务。 钢结构设备的防腐保护主要采用阴极保护和涂层保护两种方式，然而，由于涂层自身不可避免的缺陷以及施工过程中导致的缺陷，腐蚀仍将在以上造成的缺陷处发生。因此，在接触海水的部位，为了消除涂层缺陷而造成的腐蚀，通常根据钢结构的实际情况和使用状态，采用阴极保护的方法。电位是阴极保护工程中，对控制和监视阴极保护效果进行评价的一项重要指标，因而，非常有必要去了解被保护设备表面上的电位分布。 使用Comsol进行阴极保护数值模拟计算时，步骤如下： （1）选择物理场 “模型向导”>“三维”>“二次电流分布”>“稳态”>“研究”； （2）建立模型 在COMSOL中按照实际尺寸进行建模； （3）输入参数 模拟所需参数：1）温度T：298.15K； 2）电解质（海水 ...
利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件中流体传热接口、层流接口、化学反应接口对 HVPE 法单晶生长过程进行模拟。建立了基于 HVPE 生长室内部结构的简单二维模型，并进行了标准的网格剖分，通过物理场耦合，并添加了生长过程中所需的生长气氛，研究了 HVPE 法进行 GaN 单晶生长过程中衬底表面厚度分布的变化规律。通过模拟结果发现，衬底表面存在显著的边缘效应，边缘处厚度显著高于衬底表面其它区域。
Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure
F. Sinatra, T. Wu, A. Avila, E. Nazarov, T. Evans-Nguyen, J. Wang
Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...