La Galleria delle Applicazioni raccoglie un'ampia varietà di tutorial e di app dimostrative realizzati con COMSOL Multiphysics in diversi ambiti applicativi, inclusi quelli elettrico, meccanico, fluidico e chimico. E' possibile scaricare i file dei modelli e delle app demo pronti all'uso e le istruzioni step-by-step per costruirli, e utilizzarli come punto di partenza per le proprie simulazioni.

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Vanadium Redox Flow Battery

This 2D example of a vanadium flow battery demonstrates how to couple a secondary current distribution model for an ion-exchange membrane to tertiary current distribution models for two different free electrolyte compartments of a flow battery. The *Ion-Exchange Membrane* boundary node specifies a boundary condition where the flux of ions is continuous, but where the electrolyte potential is ...

Mass Transport Analysis of a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell

This model example investigates the transport of reactants and water in a high temperature PEMFC. The model includes mass and momentum transport phenomena in the flow channels, gas diffusion layers (GDLs), and porous electrodes, as well as electrochemical currents in the GDLs, the porous electrodes, and the polymer membrane.

Internal Short Circuit of a Lithium-Ion Battery

During an internal short circuit of a battery, the two electrode materials are internally and electronically interconnected, giving rise to high local current densities. Internal short circuits may occur in a lithium-ion battery due to, for instance, lithium dendrite formation or a compressive shock. A prolonged internal short circuit results in self discharge in combination with a local ...

Mass Transport and Electrochemical Reaction in a Fuel Cell Cathode

A stationary 3D model of a generic fuel cell cathode describing the mass fraction distribution of oxygen, water, and nitrogen, as well as the current distribution. The model uses Darcy's Law to describe convection, and couples this to Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities to also describe mass transport. The model shows that the current density in this fuel cell cathode is mass transfer governed by the ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance

The impedance of a lithium-ion battery cell with a negative LTO and positive NCA electrode is modeled for harmonic perturbations between 10 mHz to 1000 Hz. The model incorporates an additional double-layer current at the conductive material in the positive electrode. The impedance of each electrode is also possible to investigate versus a reference electrode located in the middle of the ...

Orange Battery

This tutorial example models the currents and the concentration of dissolved metal ions in a battery (corrosion cell) made from an orange and two metal nails. This type of battery is commonly used in chemistry lessons. Instead of an orange, lemons or potatoes can also be used.

Species Transport in the Gas Diffusion Layers of a PEM

This example focuses on the species transport within the gas diffusion layers (GDLs) of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The geometry models a cell with two adjacent flow channels of different pressures, a situation that may occur in a cell with serpentine flow channels, or in a cell using an interdigitated flow field design. The model uses current balances, mass transport equations ...

Fuel Cell with Serpentine Flow Field

This example models the flow and mass transport in the channels and the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The cathode electrode reaction is modeled as a boundary condition, where the local current density depends on the overpotential and the local oxygen concentration. The overpotential is solved for along the cathode boundary by the use of a distributed DAE. The ...

Single Particle Model of a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current scenarios. Note that validity of the assumptions and applicability of the single particle model also depends on the ...

All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Battery

This example shows how to use the Tertiary Current Distribution interface to model the currents and electrolyte mass transport in a thin-film all-solid-state lithium-ion battery. A separate Transport of Diluted Species interface is coupled to the electrochemical reactions to model the mass transport of lithium in the positive electrode. Various discharge currents are studied, and the ...