Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills
C. Duquennoi, S. Weisse, R. Clement, and L. Oxarango
Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
LTHE, Grenoble, France
The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...
G. Ganzer, W. Beckert, T. Pfeifer, and A. Michaelis
The high thermal stability and fast start-up behavior make micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) a promising alternative for small-scale, mobile power devices in the range of some Watts. To understand the transport phenomena inside a single micro-tubular SOFC, a 2-D, axi-symmetric, non-isothermal model, performed in COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.2, has been developed. Due to long current path ...
D. Pugal, K. Kim, and A. Aabloo
ME Department, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV
University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Modeling electromechanical actuation of ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) material is considered in this work. Ionic current in the polymer is described with the Poisson-Nernst-Planck system of equations. Calculated ionic concentration is related to the deformation of the material. To include the effect of the electrodes, the ionic current and the electric current in the electrode domains is ...
A. Beerwinkle, R. Singh, and G. Kirikera
Mechanics of Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, OK
Geophysical Research Company, LLC, (GRC) Tulsa, OK
A three-dimensional finite element model, based on the linear field equations for superimposed small vibrations onto nonlinear thermoelastic stressed media given by Lee and Yong, was developed. This method involves solving the thermal stress and piezoelectric model with geometric and material nonlinearities. The thickness-shear mode frequency response of the model was benchmarked to ...
C. Romao, and M. White
Dept. of Chemistry and Institute for Research in Materials
A series of 2-D finite element models of a ZrO2-ZrW2O8 composite system were created in COMSOL Multiphysics to study the effect of pores between the matrix (ZrO2) and filler (ZrW2O8) materials. Pores were modeled as ellipses concentric with the filler particles. Seventeen model geometries of varying microstructure were studied in order to determine correlations between microstructural factors ...
G. H. Miley, M. P. Reilly, B. Ulmen, P. Keutelian, and J. Orcutt
NPL Associates, Inc., Urbana-Champaign, IL
Starfire Industries, Champaign, IL
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL
A coupled helicon/IEC plasma jet is in development for space propulsion applications. This device decouples the ionization and plasma acceleration process into separate stages. A realistic model is to consider a plasma media where the relative permittivity is negative or imaginary. Toward this end, COMSOL readily considers complex permittivity values, enabling a first attempt at modeling a ...
J-W. Braxton Bragg, J. Dickens, A. Neuber, and K. Long
Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Dept. of Mathematics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Ferrimagnetic based, coaxial nonlinear transmission lines (NLTLs) provide a means to generate sub-nanosecond risetime pulses (from nano-second input pulses) or megawatt level high power microwave oscillations, depending on the geometry, material, and external bias fields. This investigation uses the commercially available, finite element solver COMSOL to provide insight into pulse behavior. ...
Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire
G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA
Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain ...
P. Olsson, F. Larsson, A. Khlopotin, S. Razanica
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...
M. Mruczkiewicz, M. Krawczyk, V.K. Sakharov, Yu. V. Khivintsev, Yu. A. Filimonov, S. A. Nikitov
Nanomaterials Physics Division, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Pozna?, Poland
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Saratov Branch), Saratov, Russia; Laboratory “Metamaterials”, Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; Laboratory “Metamaterials”, Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia
FMR spectra of the periodic microstructures (one-dimensional magnonic crystals, 1D MCs) were obtained using COMSOL with use partial differential equation interface. Results of these calculations were successfully compared with an experimental data for Damon-Eshbach (DE) and Backward-Volume (BV) geometries. The presented tool allows to analyze periodic structures with various geometries and ...