Presentazioni e Articoli Tecnici

In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Microstimulation in The Brain: Does Microdialysis Inuence the Activated Volume of Tissue?

D. Krapohl[1][3], S. Loeffler[2], A. Moser[2], and U.G.Hofmann[1]

[1]Institute for Signalprocessing, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
[2]Institute for Neurology, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
[3]Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has been established as an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. The stimulation is currently administered using tetrode-macroelectrodes that target the Subthalamic Nucleus (STN). This often leads to side effects which bias the surrounding areas, e.g. the speech centre. Targeting a specific brain region can better be achieved with ...

Mobility of Catalytic Self-Propelled Nanorods Modeling with COMSOL Multiphysics®

F. Lugli[1] and F. Zerbetto[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A small particle or a nano-sized object placed in a liquid is subject to random collisions with solvent molecules. The resulting erratic movement of the object is known as Brownian motion, which, in nature, cannot be used to any practical advantage both in natural systems (such as biomolecular motors) or by artificial devices. If energy is supplied by external source or by chemical reactions, ...

Analysis of Cell Deformation with FEMLAB

El-Khatib, N.1, Huc, N.2, Goldberg, Y.3, Cedex Martiel, J.L.1
1 TIMC Laboratory, UMR CNRS 5525, Faculty of Medicine, La Tronche
2 COMSOL, Grenoble
3 INSERM EMI 01-08, Grenoble University Hospital, Grenoble

We present a simplified model of biological cells including a first layer, corresponding to the membrane and the actin cortex and a second one, representing the cell cytoplasm. The membraneactin ensemble is governed by the Navier equations while the cytoplasm is assimilated to a viscous fluid, described by the Navier-Stokes system. At the inner boundary, between the cortex and the cytoplasm, ...

Viscoelastic Deformation of the Alaskan Crust and Upper Mantle Subsequent to Regional Earthquakes

Boyd, O.S.
U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, Colorado

Estimates of the probability of earthquakes in Alaska are improved through a finite element, viscoelastic analysis of the evolution of stress in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. A solution to the problem is addressed through multiple FEMLAB applications, two for each subdomain, where each subdomain is a fault bounded block. The first application models the elastic response and sets up the ...

Dimensioning simultaneous polymerase chain reactions (PCR) in capillary tubes

Berthier, J., Chatelain, F.
CEA/LETI

Polymerase chain reaction is the most usual way to amplify DNA strands for detection and biorecognition. However efficient biorecognition requires to perform many different PCRs at the same time. We present here a new concept of simultaneous PCRs in capillary tubes and more specifically the dimensioning of such a microsystem. The concept consists in performing different PCRs in annular rings ...

Numerische Berechnungen zum Einfluss der Hydrophobierung auf die Carbonatisierung von Beton

Heinrichs, J.1, Gerdes, A.2, 3
1 Hochschule Karlsruhe - Technik und Wirtschaft, Institut für Angewandte Forschung
2 Hochschule Karlsruhe - Technik und Wirtschaft , Fakultät für Mechatronik und Naturwissenschaften
3 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Technische Chemie, Bereich für Wasser- und Geotechnologie

Aus technischen, ökologischen und ökonomischen Gründen nimmt die Dauerhaftigkeit von Stahlbetonbauwerken in der heutigen Zeit einen immer größeren Stellenwert ein. Schadensursachen an solchen Bauwerken werden oft durch chemisch-physikalische Prozesse, wie z.B. den kapillaren Transport betonaggressiver Wässer in die Betonrandzone, hervorgerufen. Um nun die Dauerhaftigkeit bzw. die ...

Computer Modelling of Deformable non-Newtonian Flow using COMSOL Multiphysics

H.A. Lecuyer[1], F.H. Bertrand[1], P.A. Tanguy[1], J.P. Mmbaga[2], and R.E. Hayes[2]
[1] Ecole Polytechnique , Montreal
[2] University of Alberta, Edmonton

This presentation is concerned with the modelling of deformable non-Newtonian Flow using COMSOL Multiphysics. This general modelling approach has more concrete applications such as paper coating in a metering size press, meniscus location by PIDS to mention a few.

Flow Analysis for a Sorghum Brewing Fermentation Process

T.A. Owosina
Simulo Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria

A qualitative flow analysis by numerical simulation of a fermentation process in a sorghum factory is presented. The simulations were done with the Numerical modeling software, COMSOL Multiphysics. Several flow arrangements were considered in the study and as a result, optimized flow configurations were evolved.

Effect of S-p Relation Model on DNAPL Migration Simulation Result

H. Ishimori[1], and K. Endo[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which is ...

An Efficient Finite Element Analysis on an RF Structure Used to Evaluate the Effect of Microwave Radiation on Uveal Melanoma Cells

A. Dulipovici[1], D. Roman[2], I. Stiharu[2], and V. Nerguizian[1]

[1]École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
[2]Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

The use of Microwave/RF energy on cancer cells is explored for tumor ablation using medium power level ranging between a few Watts to about 50 Watts. In this research, low power levels, less than 100 mWatt, are used to evaluate the effect of this energy on Uveal melanoma cells by proliferation tests. The COMSOL simulation of the RF structure used to evaluate the radiation energy on ...

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