W. Booth, J. Schiffbauer, and B. Edwards
West Virginia University
Star City, WV
Ion-selective membranes can be used in lab-on-a-chip devices for various portable applications in this field. These devices can be used as concentrators for analytical chemistry and for micro-scale filtration. Here, a binary aqueous electrolyte solution in a microchannel has a potential bias applied across it and it is driven through an ion-selective membrane. Ion concentration gradients form ...
G. H. Miley, M. P. Reilly, B. Ulmen, P. Keutelian, and J. Orcutt
NPL Associates, Inc., Urbana-Champaign, IL
Starfire Industries, Champaign, IL
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL
A coupled helicon/IEC plasma jet is in development for space propulsion applications. This device decouples the ionization and plasma acceleration process into separate stages. A realistic model is to consider a plasma media where the relative permittivity is negative or imaginary. Toward this end, COMSOL readily considers complex permittivity values, enabling a first attempt at modeling a ...
E. Khosrowshahli, and A. Jeremic
School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
McMaster University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University,
Hamilton, ON, Canada
Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as a potentially useful screening technique for breast cancer. This method detects abnormalities in the tissue based on permittivity difference between breast normal and malignant tissue. In this method breast is illuminated by high frequency electromagnetic wave, and received waves are then analyzed in order to construct a map of breast\'s ...
C. Morgan, N. Kenkare, M. Williams, A. Peterson, and D. Williams
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA
Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...
Multiphysics Simulations in Complex 3D Geometry of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Fuel Elements using COMSOL
J. Freels, and P. Jain
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN
A current research and development project is ongoing to convert the operating High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU U3-O8) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU U-Mo) fuel. Because LEU HFIR-specific testing and experiments will be limited, we are relying on COMSOL to provide the needed multiphysics simulation capability to validate ...
O. Yildirim, and Z. Guo
Intellectual Ventures Laboratories
Regenerative heat exchangers (RHX) find widespread applications in liquid food or pharmaceutical processing as well as in reaction engineering. Whereas \"large\" RHX systems have been in use for a long time, their smaller micro-channel counterparts are a more recent area of interest. Here, we describe the design and development of a novel micro-channel counter-current regenerative heat ...
Simulating Performance and Species Crossover in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery using COMSOL Multiphysics
E. Agar, K. Knehr, C. Dennison, and E. Kumbur
Electrochemical Energy Systems Lab.
Dept. of Mechanical Eng. and Mechanics
Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) are a promising new energy storage technology designed for use in long term applications such as uninterruptible power supply and coupling with renewable energy sources (i.e. wind and solar). Crossover is the undesired transport of vanadium ions through the ion exchange membrane during operation and is a major factor limiting the overall efficiency and ...
P. Mercure, and R. Haley
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
ATM Research, Midland, MI
We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...
H. Bernardes, M. Mancio, and P. Monteiro
Sao Paulo State University - UNESP, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
According to the Gouy-Chapman theory, a double layer structure appears on the surface of a solid particle, a gas bubble, a liquid droplet, or a porous body when it is placed into a liquid. In this work, a one-dimensional model of the electrochemical reactions has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the ...
Middle East Technical University
In this study, a detailed finite element model coupling the motion dynamics and electromagnetics of a diaphragm based MEMS vibration energy harvester is presented. The energy harvester converts low frequency vibrations to high frequency response by magnetic actuation of a diaphragm carrying coils. AC/DC, Solid Mechanics and Moving Mesh (ALE) modules are coupled together in one 3-D model to ...