C. Vinci, J. Renner, and H. Steeb
During hydraulic fracturing processes, several coupled mechanical and hydraulical phenomena take place. We investigate an elastically deformable fluid-filled fracture embedded in a porous rock matrix. Despite the substantial number of previous modeling approaches, a clear insight into the numerical solution procedure of high pressure fluid injection in a fracture has not been gained. We use ...
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Numerical calculations have been carried out to quantify the effect of the eccentric position of normal electric borehole sondes on the current density distribution and the obtained specific resistivity. In the most calculations the distorting influence of the eccentricity (distance between the axis of the borehole and the sonde) on the specific resistivity is less than 2%, but in special cases ...
P. Vincent, and P. Zevada
College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Oregon
Dept. of Tectonics and Geodynamics, Institute of Geophysics ASCR, v.v.i., Prague, Czech Republic
Extrusion of highly viscous lavas that spread laterally and form lava domes in craters of large volcanoes is associated with significant volcanic hazards. Gas overpressure driven fragmentation of the lava dome or collapse and slumping of marginal sections or entire mass of the dome can trigger dangerous pyroclastic flows that threaten surrounding populations up to tens of kilometers away. We ...
P. Vincent, E. Humphreys
College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...
G. Ha, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim
Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
Here we aim to advance geomagnetic modeling approaches using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and improve the degree of detail that can be obtained from the measured magnetic field. First, we carried out benchmark tests by comparing the computed results using the widely used analytic solutions for rectangular bodies with arbitrary direction of magnetization with those from the AC/DC Module of ...
T. K. Chou, M. Chouteau, M. J. Yi
Department of Civil, Geological & Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon, South Korea
Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) method provides a non-invasive way to monitor subtle sub-surface changes caused by water flow such as in an infiltration test. Problems arise when the inversion models contain artifacts due to measurement errors, rapid change in soil electrical property during measurement time, etc. A new approach was developed by Kim et al. (2004) and (2009) ...
Y. T. Habtemichael, R. T. Kiflemariam, H. R. Fuentes
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of this ...
A. T. Clark
Research & Development, WM Robots LLC, Colmar, PA, USA
Soil’s electromagnetic properties adversely affect the performance of electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors and if conditions are severe enough, render them useless. A simple circuit model is often used to express the electromagnetic induction response of a target analytically. This analytic model produces a response function that contains unique characteristics based on the target’s ...
Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods - new
T. K. Chou, M. Chouteau, J. S. Dubé
École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada
The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...
E. Dagher, G. Su, T. S. Nguyen
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
COMSOL® software was used to simulate the conductive heat transfer with phase change in the geological formations encompassed in permafrost surrounding a shallow thaw lake. The purpose of the simulation was to verify the adequacy of COMSOL to model such phenomena by comparing the COMSOL results to those obtained by another FEM model (Ling and Zhang, 2003). The graphical comparison of the ...