COMSOL Grab Bag: How to Use a Versatile CFD Code to Model Interesting Problems from Cryogenic Storage to Biofuel Production
Senior Research Engineer,
NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, USA
Emily Nelson received her PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. She is a senior research engineer at NASA Glenn Research Center and specializes in the formulation and solution of problems in microgravity science, multiphase flow, porous media, risk analysis, and gravitational biology. This leads her to fundamental and applied approaches on a range of issues ...
Fudan University, Shanghai, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a powerful tool in theoretical study. Lei Zhou, Jiping Huang and other professors in Physics Department, Fudan University have achieved some exciting results of soft, tunable metamaterials. We use it to study non-equilibrium behavior of rhoeological (ER) fluids and polar molecule dominated rheological (PM-ER) fluids. Numerical solutions using the Onsager’s principle would ...
A. Jain, and A. Garg
BITS Pilani, Goa Campus, India
Bhartiya Vidyapeeth College, New Delhi, India
An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field effect transistor used to measure ion concentrations in a solution; when the ion concentration changes, the current through the transistor will change accordingly. Here, the solution is used as a gate electrode. A voltage between substrate and the oxide surfaces arises due to an ions sheath. The surface hydrolization of the OH groups of the gate materials varies ...
N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...
Modelling and Simulation of Moving Boundaries and Convective Heat Transfer in non-Autogenous Fusion Weld Pools using FEMLAB 3.1
Edstorp, M., Eriksson, K.
University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Dep. of Technology, Mathematics & Computer Science, Trollhättan
This article is concerned with the mathematical modelling and simulation of the thermo and fluid dynamics of the molten pool created during an arc fusion welding process with consumable electrodes. Weld pool simulation is a true multiphysics problem in that a model for a typical process such as GMAWis required to incorporate the effects on the transfer of heat and mass that are induced by ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, and A. Primavera
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Energy performances and building energy quality can be achieved by high performance envelopes. In this paper the thermal performance of a naturally ventilated façade, applied to a traditional wall, widely used in existing buildings, was investigated by a transient simulation. A three dimensional model of the façade was investigated in Florence and Treviso (Italy). The simulation ...
R. Rieck, A. Bénard, and C. Petty
Michigan State University, Michigan, USA
Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...
Heat Transfer Effects in a Water Calorimeter for Measuring the Absorbed Dose of Therapy-Level Radiation Beams
R. E. Tosh, and H. H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Water calorimetry that directly measures the temperature rise (at the mK level) due to radiation heating is used as a primary standard for therapy-level gamma-radiation beams. The temperature rise is measured at a given point in space where the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose is non-uniform, and therefore is subject to heat conduction and convection distortions that must be corrected to ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
A comparison of the commercial code COMSOL is performed with the bench-mark solutions provided by the literature for a tall, differentially heated rectangular cavity for aspect ratios of 8, 15, 20, and 33. At small Rayleigh numbers the flow is dominated by conduction. As the Rayleigh number is increased the flow becomes unstable, first resulting in multicellular secondary flow patterns, and then ...