Presentazioni e Articoli Tecnici

In questa sezione troverete i lavori presentati alle Conferenze mondiali COMSOL. Le presentazioni descrivono ricerche e prodotti innovativi progettati con COMSOL Multiphysics da colleghi di tutto il mondo. I temi delle ricerche presentate abbracciano un'ampia gamma di settori produttivi e aree applicative, in ambito elettrico, meccanico, fluidodinamico e chimico. Lo strumento di Ricerca Rapida vi permetterà di trovare le presentazioni che si riferiscono all'area di vostro interesse.

Effect of Electron Transfer Rate on the Electrochemical Process of Interdigitated Electrodes

X. Yang[1], and G. Zhang[1-3]
[1] Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
[2] Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
[3] Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia

Affinity-based sensing often relies on the blockage for electron transfer at an electrode surface due to complimentary binding. Such blockage will reduce the electron transfer rate (ETR) in an electrochemical detection method such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) or cyclic voltammogram (CV). To improve the sensitivity of the CV method, we studied the CV performance of ...

A Model for Panar Self-breathing Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in FEMLAB

Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...

Creating Business Opportunities using Mathematical Modeling

E. M. Fontes
Catella Generics AB

Computational mathematical modeling has allowed scientists and engineers to perform better, faster, and more economical virtual experiments. Through mathematical modeling, an application expert can simulate performance characteristics during different operating conditions and thereby accelerate the pace of understanding new electrochemical system in relation to specific application ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Study of an Alkaline Electrolyzer Powered by Renewable Energy

E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
Puertollano, Spain

The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate the ...

Optimisation of the Electrochemical Instrumentation of a Wear Simulator through Finite Element Modelling

Déforge, D.1, 2, Ponthiaux, P.2, Wenger, F.2, Lina, A.1, Ambard, A.1
1 Electricité de France (EDF) R&D, Chemistry and corrosion group, Les Renardières, Moret sur Loing cedex, France
2 Laboratory LGPM, Ecole Centrale Paris, Chatenay-Malabry cedex, France

Stainless steels are often used in nuclear power plants due to their good corrosion resistance. This good behaviour is due to an oxide film which forms on their surface and insulates them from the corrosive media. Sometimes, flow-induced vibrations can however lead to some contacts between the components, and thus to the degradation of this oxide film. The mechanical removal leads to an increase ...

A Non-isothermal Modeling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

H. Shin[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...

Effect of Channel Width on Fuel Cell Performance Using 3D Modelling

R. Pushpangadan, S. S. Dimble, and S. P. Duttagupta
IIT Bombay
Mumbai
Maharasthra, India

A three Dimensional model of the PEM Fuel cell is implemented using COMSOL Multiphysics and the channel width is varied to study the performance.Effect of channel width on the performance of the cell is studied by varying the width of the channel and keeping channel width to rib ratio constant at 1. Rib width is the width of the GDL area which is not covered by the channel. All other parameters ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

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