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The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a common technique in which a small oscillating perturbation in cell potential is applied to an electrochemical system so as to interrogate the kinetic and transport properties. The Electroanalysis interface is used with a frequency domain study to simulate EIS for a range of electrode reaction rates. Nyquist and Bode plots illustrate the transition ...

Mass Transport and Electrochemical Reaction in a Fuel Cell Cathode

A stationary 3D model of a generic fuel cell cathode describing the mass fraction distribution of oxygen, water, and nitrogen, as well as the current distribution. The model uses Darcy's Law to describe convection, and couples this to Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities to also describe mass transport. The model shows that the current density in this fuel cell cathode is mass transfer governed by the ...

Current Density Distribution in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell, AC Impedance Study

This model presents a study of the current density distribution in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The model includes the full coupling between the mass balances at the anode and cathode, the momentum balances in the gas channels, the gas flow in the porous electrodes, the balance of the ionic current carried by the oxide ion, and a balance of electronic current. A truly large number of ...

Primary Current Distribution in a Lead-Acid Battery Grid Electrode

This 3D model example demonstrates the use of the Primary Current Distribution interface for modeling current distributions in electrochemical cells. In primary current distribution, the potential losses due to electrode kinetics and mass transport are assumed to be negligible, and ohmic losses are govern the current distribution in the cell. Here you investigate primary current distribution in ...

Liquid Cooled Lithium Ion Battery Pack

This model simulates a temperature profile in a number of cells and cooling fins in a liquid-cooled battery pack. The model solves in 3D and for an operational point during a load cycle. A full 1D electrochemical model for the lithium battery calculates the average heat source.

Cyclic Voltammetry at an Electrode

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical electrochemical technique, where the potential at a working electrode is swept over a range and back again while the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform, referred to as a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of an electrolyte. For large electrodes, the model is simplified to a 1D geometry by ...

Lithium-ion Battery with Multiple Active Materials in Electrodes

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design properties (volume fraction, particle size), thermodynamic properties (open circuit voltage), transport properties ...

Simulation of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

A fuel cell unit cell is modeled using the full Butler-Volmer expression for the anodic and cathodic charge transfer reactions. The anodic and cathodic overpotentials depend on the local ionic and electronic potentials, which are obtained from the charge balance equations for ionic and electronic current. A small sinusoidal perturbation of the potential around a given cell voltage is applied and ...

Single Particle Model for a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current scenarios. Note that validity of the assumptions and applicability of the single particle model also depends on the ...

Fuel Cell with Serpentine Flow Field

This example models the flow and mass transport in the channels and the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The cathode electrode reaction is modeled as a boundary condition, where the local current density depends on the overpotential and the local oxygen concentration. The overpotential is solved for along the cathode boundary by the use of a distributed DAE. The anode ...

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